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Control Break Statements

Former Member
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Hello All,

Can any body explain how to use control break statements in a select loop i.e between a select and Endselect. I need to calculate subtotals for a field with in this loop.

Where exactly these control break statements are used? in Populating a internal table or in porcessing a internal table.

Thanks and Regards

Suresh

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

sreeramkumar_madisetty
Active Contributor
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1,303

Hi

Use can use On change of control event only between select and endselect.

You can use the control break events only between loop and endloop.

Regards,

kumar

5 REPLIES 5

Former Member
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1,303

Hi,

Control Break Statements (At new, At first, At end of , At last) are mainly used to calculate the SUMS and Totals on a Particular field.

Have to sort the ITAB first by that fields on which you need totals.

They are used in proceesing of a internal table.

See the sample Code:

DATA: sflight_tab TYPE SORTED TABLE OF sflight

WITH UNIQUE KEY carrid connid fldate,

sflight_wa LIKE LINE OF sflight_tab.

SELECT *

FROM sflight

INTO TABLE sflight_tab.

LOOP AT sflight_tab INTO sflight_wa.

AT NEW connid.

WRITE: / sflight_wa-carrid,

sflight_wa-connid.

ULINE.

ENDAT.

WRITE: / sflight_wa-fldate,

sflight_wa-seatsocc.

AT END OF connid.

SUM.

ULINE.

WRITE: / 'Sum',

sflight_wa-seatsocc UNDER sflight_wa-seatsocc.

SKIP.

ENDAT.

AT END OF carrid.

SUM.

ULINE.

WRITE: / 'Carrier Sum',

sflight_wa-seatsocc UNDER sflight_wa-seatsocc.

NEW-PAGE.

ENDAT.

AT LAST.

SUM.

WRITE: / 'Overall Sum',

sflight_wa-seatsocc UNDER sflight_wa-seatsocc.

ENDAT.

ENDLOOP.

Regards,

Anji

Message was edited by:

Anji Reddy Vangala

former_member181962
Active Contributor
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1,303

Control Breaks are used n the processing of an internal table and not while the populating them.

YOu should first get the data normally using selects without any control breaks in between select and endselects, then use the AT new/ at end commands to process the records in the internal table.

See the dmeo programs: DEMO_INT_TABLES_AT_1 and DEMO_INT_TABLES_AT_2.

Regards,

Ravi

sreeramkumar_madisetty
Active Contributor
0 Kudos
1,304

Hi

Use can use On change of control event only between select and endselect.

You can use the control break events only between loop and endloop.

Regards,

kumar

Former Member
0 Kudos
1,303

Hi Suresh,

Variants

1. AT NEW f.

2. AT END OF f.

3. AT FIRST.

4. AT LAST.

Effect

In a LOOP which processes a dataset created with EXTRACT , you can use special control structures for control break processing. All these structures begin with AT and end with ENDAT . The sequence of statements which lies between them is then executed if a control break occurs.

You can use these key words for control break processing with extract datasets only if the active LOOP statement is proceesing an extract dataset.

The control level structure with extract datasets is dynamic. It corresponds exactly to the sort key of the extract dataset, i.e. to the order of fields in the field group HEADER by which the extract dataset was sorted .

At the start of a new control level (i.e. immediately after AT ), the following occurs in the output area of the current LOOP statement:

All default key fields (on the right) are filled with "*" after the current control level key.

All other fields (on the right) are set to their initial values after the current control level key.

Between AT and ENDAT , you can use SUM to insert the appropriate control totals in the number fields (see also ABAP/4 number types ) of the LOOP output area (on the right) after the current control level key. Summing is supported both at the beginning of a control level ( AT FIRST , AT NEW f ) and also the end of a control level ( AT END OF f , AT LAST ).

At the end of the control level processing (i.e. after ENDAT ), the old contents of the LOOP output area are restored.

Notes

When calculating totals, you must ensure that the totals are inserted into the same sub-fields of the LOOP output area as those where the single values otherwise occur. If there is an overflow, processing terminates with a runtime error.

If an internal table is processed only in a restricted form (using the additions FROM , TO and/or WHERE with the LOOP statement), you should not use the control structures for control level processing because the interaction of a restricted LOOP with the AT statement is currenly not properly defined.

With LOOP s on extracts, there are also special control break control structures you can use.

Note

Runtime errors

SUM_OVERFLOW : Overflow when calculating totals with SUM .

Variant 1

AT NEW f.

Variant 2

AT END OF f.

Effect

f is a sub-field of an internal table processed with LOOP . The sequence of statements which follow it is executed if the sub-field f or a sub-field in the current LOOP line defined (on the left) before f has a differnt value than in the preceding ( AT NEW ) or subsequent ( AT END OF ) table line.

Example

DATA: BEGIN OF COMPANIES OCCURS 20,

NAME(30),

PRODUCT(20),

SALES TYPE I,

END OF COMPANIES.

...

LOOP AT COMPANIES.

AT NEW NAME.

NEW-PAGE.

WRITE / COMPANIES-NAME.

ENDAT.

WRITE: / COMPANIES-PRODUCT, COMPANIES-SALES.

AT END OF NAME.

SUM.

WRITE: / COMPANIES-NAME, COMPANIES-SALES.

ENDAT.

ENDLOOP.

The AT statements refer to the field COMPANIES-NAME .

Notes

If a control break criterion is not known until runtime, you can use AT NEW (name) or AT END OF (name) to specify it dynamically as the contents of the field name . If name is blank at runtime, the control break criterion is ignored and the sequence of statements is not executed. If name contains an invalid component name, a runtime error occurs.

By defining an offset and/or length, you can further restrict control break criteria - regardless of whether they are specified statically or dynamically.

A field symbol pointing to the LOOP output area can also be used as a dynamic control break criterion. If the field symbol does not point to the LOOP output area, a runtime error occurs.

Note

Runtime errors

AT_BAD_PARTIAL_FIELD_ACCESS : Invalid sub-field access when dynamically specifying the control break criterion.

AT_ITAB_FIELD_INVALID : When dynamically specifying the control break criterion via a field symbol, the field symbol does not point to the LOOP output area.

ITAB_ILLEGAL_COMPONENT : When dynamically specifying the control break criterion via (name) the field name does not contain a valid sub-field name.

Variant 3

AT FIRST.

Variant 4

AT LAST.

Effect

Executes the appropriate sequence of statements once during the first ( AT FIRST ) or last ( AT LAST ) loop pass.

Example

DATA: BEGIN OF COMPANIES OCCURS 20,

NAME(30),

PRODUCT(20),

SALES TYPE I,

END OF COMPANIES.

...

LOOP AT COMPANIES.

AT FIRST.

SUM.

WRITE: 'Sum of all SALES:',

55 COMPANIES-SALES.

ENDAT.

WRITE: / COMPANIES-NAME, COMPANIES-PRODUCT,

55 COMPANIES-SALES.

ENDLOOP.

ON CHANGE OF f.

Executes the processing block enclosed by the "ON CHANGE OF f" and "ENDON" statements whenever the contents of the field f change (control break processing).

Normally, you use the statement to manipulate database fields during GET events or SELECT/ENDSELECT processing.

ON CHANGE OF is unsuitable for recognizing control levels in loops of this type because it always creates a global auxiliary field which is used to check for changes. This global auxiliary field is only changed in the relevant ON CHANGE OF statement. It is not reset when the processing enters loops or subroutines, so unwanted effects can occur if the loop or subroutine is executed again. Also, since it is set to its initial value when created (like any other field), any ON CHANGE OF processing will be executed after the first test, unless the contents of the field concerned happen to be identical to the initial value.

DATA T100_WA TYPE T100.

SELECT * FROM T100

INTO T100_WA

WHERE SPRSL = SY-LANGU AND

MSGNR < '010'

ORDER BY PRIMARY KEY.

ON CHANGE OF T100_WA-ARBGB.

ULINE.

WRITE: / '**', T100_WA-ARBGB, '**'.

ENDON.

WRITE: / T100_WA-MSGNR, T100_WA-TEXT.

ENDSELECT.

Displays all messages with their numbers in the logon language, provided the number is less than '010'.

Each time the message class changes, it is output.

AT END OF f.

f is a sub-field of an internal table or extract dataset (EXTRACT) which is being processed with LOOP, i.e. the variants 1 and 2 only make sense within a LOOP.

Both "AT NEW f." and "AT END OF f. " introduce processing blocks which are concluded by " ENDAT.".

These processing blocks are processed whenever the contents of a field f or a sub-field defined before f change as a result of processing with LOOP. "AT NEW f." begins a new group of (table) lines with the same contents as the field f while "AT END OF f." concludes such a group.

Within the AT ... ENDAT processing of internal tables, all argument fields following f are filled with "*".

Examples

1. AT for sub-fields of an internal table

DATA: BEGIN OF COMPANIES OCCURS 20,

NAME(30),

PRODUCT(20),

SALES TYPE I,

END OF COMPANIES.

...

LOOP AT COMPANIES.

AT NEW NAME.

NEW-PAGE.

WRITE / COMPANIES-NAME.

ENDAT.

WRITE: / COMPANIES-PRODUCT, COMPANIES-SALES.

AT END OF NAME.

SUM.

WRITE: / COMPANIES-NAME, COMPANIES-SALES.

ENDAT.

ENDLOOP.

The AT statements refer to the field COMPANIES-NAME.

Regards,

Priyanka.

former_member404244
Active Contributor
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1,303

Hi,

First get the records in an internal table and then use the control break statements....

select * from mara into table itab.

loop at itab.

now u can use the control break statements within this loop.

at first

at new <field name>

at end of <fieldname>

at last

endloop.

Control break statements are used inorder to break the sequential access of the internal table.

Regards,

nagaraj