A common practice in Brazil is to have Corporate Bond Issuance linked to inflation indexes, such as IPCA, that are released in a monthly basis.
SAP Treasury and Risk Management customers faces difficulties to manage this product type as they have to create a virtual currency to be able to update the nominal amount.
A new functionality is now available in SAP S/4HANA 2023 (Nov 2023) to support this requirement as informed in the What's New page Manage Index-Linked Bonds
The shares of this type of instrument are remunerated according to the IPCA as following:
Inflation adjustment of the VNA and amortizations, if any, will have to observe the anniversary dates of each fund, as well as the periods of incidence of the closed index and the projections for the index published by ANBIMA, as described below:
𝑽𝑵𝑨 = 𝑽𝑵𝑬 𝑿 𝑪
Where: VNA= Adjusted Nominal Value to eight decimal places, without rounding off;
VNE = Nominal Unitary Value on the date of issue, on the date of payment or on the date of the last amortization or compounding of the remuneration, if any, whichever occurs last.
Overview of functionality in SAP Treasury and Risk Management
The Brazilian IPCA Inflation Index can be entered using application ENTER PRICE INDEX VALUES or transaction TMDPRICEIDX.
Effects on Customizing:
The new FIMA Calculation category PIDX was created to be assigned to the condition type for the index price adjustment.
New Calculation Category
Type of step 3 procedure for index valuation have to be defined in the following path:
Treasury and Risk Management > Transaction Manager > General Settings > Accounting > Settings for Position Management > Key Date Valuation > Define Index Valuation Procedure
Index Valuation Step
Example of End User Operations:
In the example below the Bond was issued on 25.08.2017 and the contract states that the index validity is from 15th to 15th of each month.
Index Price have to be informed in the basic data of the security class.
Security Class Basic Data
And in the condition for the price index adjustment, Fixing Data area indicates that the index will be fixed starting from July 15th to August 15th, and the first index value read will be applied on September 15th.
Index Price Adjustment condition in FWZZ
In the security class cashflow, the index factor value is available to be checked for operational flows.