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Enhance ments

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi experts, I need guidance on Customers exits and user exits

(Function Exit, Screen Exit,Menu Exit, Field Exit, Table Exit, Text Exit).

and please forward me any details material available on these.

this is my mail id : ambalapradeep@yahoo.co.in

Thanks in advance

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION
6 REPLIES 6

former_member189059
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Hi

User exits (Function module exits) are exits developed by SAP. The exit is implementerd as a call to a function module. The code for the function module is written by the developer. You are not writing the code directly in the function module, but in the include that is implemented in the function module.

The naming standard of function modules for functionmodule exits is:

EXIT_<program name><3 digit suffix>

The call to a functionmodule exit is implemented as:

CALL CUSTOMER.-FUNCTION ❤️ digit suffix>

To find a Exit.

Goto Transaction -- Find The Package

SMOD >f4>Use the Package here to Find the Exits In the Package.

Else if you Want to search by Application Area wise ,

There is one more tab to find the Exits in the Respective Application Area.

Implementing the Exit-- CMOD Create ProjectsAssgn your Component .

Now Run ur Transaction to Check if it Triggers.

Thats it..

Suppose you need to find out all the user exits related to a tcode.

1. Execute the Tcode.

2. Open the SAP program.

3. Get the Development Class.

4. Execute Tcode SE84.

5. Open the Node 'Envir. -> Exit Techniques -> 'Customer Exits -> Enhancements'

6. Enter the Development class and execute.

Check out this thread..

1. Type the transaction : system->status-> <PROG. NAME>

2 open SE37 , type EXIT<PROG NAME> and press F4 to get the list of function exits available.

3. Open CMOD utilities->SAP enhancements

EDIT->All selections

4.type the function module name obtained in step 2, in fields 'component name' in 'additional selections' block. and execute.

5. The displayed list contains the enhancements names for the transaction You were looking for.

6. Create a project in CMOD and the code in default include->activate.

http://www.erpgenie.com/sap/abap/code/abap26.htm

which gives the list of exits for a tcode

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/bf/ec079f5db911d295ae0000e82de14a/frameset.htm

For information on Exits, check these links

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/abap/code/abap26.htm

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm

http://wiki.ittoolbox.com/index.php/HOWTO:Implement_a_screen_exit_to_a_standard_SAP_transaction

http://www.easymarketplace.de/userexit.php

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/userexit.pdfUser-Exit

http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

User-Exits

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

http://www.sap-img.com/ab038.htm

http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/sapab013.htm

http://sap.ittoolbox.com/documents/popular-q-and-a/user-exits-for-the-transaction-code-migo-3283

These links will help you to learn more on user exits.

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/c8/1975cc43b111d1896f0000e8322d00/frameset.htm

http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/user_exit.html

www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm

Also please check these threads for more details about user exits.

1. Document on UserExits in FI/CO

http://www.ficoexpertonline.com/downloads/User%20ExitsWPedit.doc

2. Finding User Exits...

http://sap.ionelburlacu.ro/abap/sap2/Other_Useful_Tips.html#Finding_User_Exits

3. List of all User Exits...

http://www.planetsap.com/userexit_main_page.htm

EXIT is basically an enhancement in SAP object. You can add your code in SAP transaction.

Go through below links-

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm

http://www.easymarketplace.de/userexit.php

former_member189059
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Check this info.

User Exits:

-


User exits allow you to add additional functions to the SAP standard.

Programs with user exits contain subroutine calls at certain points in their syntax that are identified by the prefix USEREXIT. The actual user exits are located in an include that has been assigned to a module pool. This is where customers can include any changes (enhancements) that they want to make to the system. These includes are always processed during program flow.

Advantage: In principle, customers can modify anything they want that is found in the include (tables, structures, and so forth).

Disadvantage: SAP cannot check the individual enhancements themselves which often leads to errors in the enhancement process.

User exits (Function module exits) are exits developed by SAP. The exit is implementerd as a call to a functionmodule. The code for the function module is writeen by the developer. You are not writing the code directly in the function module, but in the include that is implemented in the function module.

Customer exits are not available for all programs and screens found in the SAP System. You can only use customer exits if they already exist in the SAP System.

<b>

Customer Exit

-


</b>

SAP creates customer exits for specific programs, screens, and menus within standard applications. These exits do not contain any functionality. Instead, the customer exits act as hooks. You can hang your own add-on functionality onto these hooks.

If you want to enhance the functionality of your SAP System, you should take advantage of the exits available in standard applications. There are two main reasons why you should use exits rather than modifying SAP software yourself. Add-ons attached to exits have the advantage that:

• They do not affect standard SAP source code

When you add new functionality to your SAP System using SAP’s exits, you do not alter the source code of standard SAP programs in any way. The code and screens you create are encapsulated as separate objects. These customer objects are linked to standard applications, but exist separately from SAP’s standard software package.

• They do not affect software updates

When you add new functionality to your SAP System using SAP’s exits, your objects (called customer objects) must adhere to strict naming conventions. When it comes time to upgrade a to a new software release, customer objects’ names ensure that they will not be affected by any changes or new additions to the standard software package.

Customer exits are not available for all programs and screens found in the SAP System. You can only use customer exits if they already exist in the SAP System. You find find more information about locating applications with pre-defined exits in Locating Applications that have Exits

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi,

You can find information in the SAP help, e.g. under http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/c8/1978b543b111d1896f0000e8322d00/frameset.htm.

User exits can be realized through BADI's or customer exits.

In SAP Standard Transactions, if you need to do some customization via programming then SAP has identified the milestones in the behavior of the transactions where these customized effects may be needed.

This customization to standard transactions is done by some special function modules wherein one can write the customized code with the given SAP import/export parameters. These function modules relate to user exits. Transaction for user exit & its usage in any project are CMOD/SMOD.

Create a project in CMOD and implement that project in SMOD

Go through the following link/documents:

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/59069d90-0201-0010-fd81-d5e11994...

Hope this helps.

Thanks.

Former Member
0 Kudos

hi

Enhancements

R/3 provides three "customization spots" that allow you to enhance features without modifying the standard code. SAP Enhancements are used to expand the standard functionality within SAP. Enhancements use function modules and are called from the standard SAP code. Each module in the system has a set of delivered enhancements that help companies expand the standard functionality where they need it.

Enhancements are “hooks” provided by SAP within many standard programs, screens and menus on which customers may “hang” custom functionality to meet business requirements.

Types

1. Customer Exits

2. User Exits

3. BADI

1.1 USEREXIT

User exits allow us to add our own functionality to SAP standard program without modifying it. These are implemented in the form of subroutines and hence are also known as FORM Exits. The user exits are generally collected in includes and attached to the standard program by the SAP.

All User exits start with the word USEREXIT_...

FORM USEREXIT_...

<User defined code>

ENDFORM.

e.g. USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE

2.1 Customer Exits

2.1.1 Types of Customer Exits

1) MENU EXITS

2) FUNCTION EXITS

3) TABLE EXITS

4) SCREEN EXITS

5) KEYWORD EXITS

6) FIELD EXITS

.2 Finding Available Exit

This is the foremost problem with most of us how to locate the appropriate exit as per our requirement. We may use any one of the following methods. But if we use the second method i.e. with a report program, our effort is reduced considerably as against going through the complete hierarchical structure.

Once we have determined our needs, we have to find a suitable exit for our requirement. There are two methods for the same.

2.2.1Transaction SMOD

2.2.2 SAP Program in se38

Finding Exits Report Program

The following report program can be used. This report program is activated and then executed. The transaction for which exit is to be found out is entered and then execute button is pressed. The available exits would be listed.

&----


*& Report ZFINDAVAILABLEEXIT

*&

&----


*&

*&

&----


report zfindavailablerexit.

tables : tstc, tadir, modsapt, modact, trdir, tfdir, enlfdir.

tables : tstct.

data : jtab like tadir occurs 0 with header line.

data : field1(30).

data : v_devclass like tadir-devclass.

parameters : p_tcode like tstc-tcode obligatory.

select single * from tstc where tcode eq p_tcode.

if sy-subrc eq 0.

select single * from tadir where pgmid = 'R3TR'

and object = 'PROG'

and obj_name = tstc-pgmna.

move : tadir-devclass to v_devclass.

if sy-subrc ne 0.

select single * from trdir where name = tstc-pgmna.

if trdir-subc eq 'F'.

select single * from tfdir where pname = tstc-pgmna.

select single * from enlfdir where funcname =tfdir-funcname.

select single * from tadir where pgmid = 'R3TR'

and object = 'FUGR'

and obj_name eq enlfdir-area.

move : tadir-devclass to v_devclass.

endif.

endif.

select * from tadir into table jtab

where pgmid = 'R3TR'

and object = 'SMOD'

and devclass = v_devclass.

select single * from tstct where sprsl eq sy-langu and

tcode eq p_tcode.

format color col_positive intensified off.

write:/(19) 'Transaction Code - ',

20(20) p_tcode,

45(50) tstct-ttext.

skip.

if not jtab[] is initial.

write:/(95) sy-uline.

format color col_heading intensified on.

write:/1 sy-vline,

2 'Exit Name',

21 sy-vline ,

22 'Description',

95 sy-vline.

write:/(95) sy-uline.

loop at jtab.

select single * from modsapt

where sprsl = sy-langu and

name = jtab-obj_name.

format color col_normal intensified off.

write:/1 sy-vline,

2 jtab-obj_name hotspot on,

21 sy-vline ,

22 modsapt-modtext,

95 sy-vline.

endloop.

write:/(95) sy-uline.

describe table jtab.

skip.

format color col_total intensified on.

write:/ 'No of Exits:' , sy-tfill.

else.

format color col_negative intensified on.

write:/(95) 'No User Exit exists'.

endif.

else.

format color col_negative intensified on.

write:/(95) 'Transaction Code Does Not Exist'.

endif.

at line-selection.

get cursor field field1.

check field1(4) eq 'JTAB'.

set parameter id 'MON' field sy-lisel+1(10).

Hope this helps to solve ur problem....

do reward if useful....

regards

dinesh

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi

Enhancements are “hooks” provided by SAP within many standard programs, screens and menus on which customers may “hang” custom functionality to meet business requirements.

Types

Customer Exits

User Exits

BADI

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/a8/bfc6373c8fea43bdb3541535bcbd43/content.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/a5/3eca234ac011d1894e0000e829fbbd/content.htm

http://www.sap-img.com/abap/a-short-tutorial-on-user-exits.htm

https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/webcontent/uuid/2342e1f3-0b01-0010-a186-fdd40... [original link is broken]

Regarsd