cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 

generic extraction with function module

Former Member
0 Kudos
424

Hi Gurus,

my requirement is that i have to write a function module that can collect data from 5 tables in R/3 . i know there is function module (RSAX_BIW_GET_DATA_SIMPLE) which i can use as template but the problem is i am not good at ABAP so i dont know where to start so pls could u me some function mudule code written so i can take that as a template.

it is very urgent to me.

thanks in advance.

Regards,

ravindra.

Accepted Solutions (0)

Answers (2)

Answers (2)

Former Member
0 Kudos

I have a problem - I am trying to create a generic extract function module. The problem is that the template RSAX_BIW_GET_DATA_SIMPLE uses one database select. However for my purpose I need to select from various tables in order to build up my internal table.

It is for PO Service orders so I have to read headers then detailed lines then other tables to get account assignments etc. How do I transfer this to E_T_Data using the required logic for the fetch and open curser etc.

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hallo

See below an example from SDN:

FUNCTION Z_BIW_GET_DATA_GLPCT.

*"----


""Local interface:

*" IMPORTING

*" VALUE(I_REQUNR) TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-REQUNR

*" VALUE(I_ISOURCE) TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-DSOURCE OPTIONAL

*" VALUE(I_MAXSIZE) TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-MAXSIZE DEFAULT 1000

*" VALUE(I_INITFLAG) TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-INITFLAG OPTIONAL

*" VALUE(I_UPDMODE) TYPE SBIWA_S_INTERFACE-UPDMODE OPTIONAL

*" VALUE(I_DATAPAKID) TYPE SBIWA_S_INTERFACE-DATAPAKID OPTIONAL

*" VALUE(I_CALLMODE) LIKE ROARCHD200-CALLMODE OPTIONAL

*" TABLES

*" I_T_SELECT TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-T_SELECT OPTIONAL

*" I_T_FIELDS TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-T_FIELDS OPTIONAL

*" E_T_DATA STRUCTURE ZBW_GLPCT OPTIONAL

*" EXCEPTIONS

*" NO_MORE_DATA

*" ERROR_PASSED_TO_MESS_HANDLER

*"----


  • DataSource for table GLPCT

TABLES: GLPCT.

*

  • Auxiliary Selection criteria structure

DATA: L_S_SELECT TYPE SRSC_S_SELECT.

  • Maximum number of lines for DB table

STATICS: S_S_IF TYPE SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE,

  • counter

S_COUNTER_DATAPAKID LIKE SY-TABIX,

  • cursor

S_CURSOR TYPE CURSOR.

  • Select ranges

RANGES: L_R_RBUKRS FOR GLPCT-RBUKRS,

L_R_RYEAR FOR GLPCT-RYEAR,

L_R_RPMAX FOR GLPCT-RPMAX,

L_R_RACCT FOR GLPCT-RACCT.

  • Parameter I_PRIVATE_MODE:

  • Some applications might want to use this function module for other

  • purposes as well (e.g. data supply for OLTP reporting tools). If the

  • processing logic has to be different in this case, use the optional

  • parameter I_PRIVATE_MODE (not supplied by BIW !) to distinguish

  • between BIW calls (I_PRIVATE_MODE = SPACE) and other calls

  • (I_PRIVATE_MODE = X).

  • If the message handling has to be different as well, define Your own

  • messaging macro which interprets parameter I_PRIVATE_MODE. When

  • called by BIW, it should use the LOG_WRITE macro, otherwise do what

  • You want.

  • Initialization mode (first call by SAPI) or data transfer mode

  • (following calls) ?

IF I_INITFLAG = SBIWA_C_FLAG_ON.

************************************************************************

  • Initialization: check input parameters

  • buffer input parameters

  • prepare data selection

************************************************************************

  • The input parameter I_DATAPAKID is not supported yet !

  • Invalid second initialization call -> error exit

IF NOT G_FLAG_INTERFACE_INITIALIZED IS INITIAL.

IF 1 = 2. MESSAGE E008(R3). ENDIF.

LOG_WRITE 'E' "message type

'R3' "message class

'008' "message number

' ' "message variable 1

' '. "message variable 2

RAISE ERROR_PASSED_TO_MESS_HANDLER.

ENDIF.

APPEND LINES OF I_T_SELECT TO S_S_IF-T_SELECT.

  • Fill parameter buffer for data extraction calls

S_S_IF-REQUNR = I_REQUNR.

S_S_IF-DSOURCE = I_ISOURCE.

S_S_IF-MAXSIZE = I_MAXSIZE.

G_S_INTERFACE-INITFLAG = I_INITFLAG.

G_S_INTERFACE-UPDMODE = I_UPDMODE.

G_S_INTERFACE-DATAPAKID = I_DATAPAKID.

G_FLAG_INTERFACE_INITIALIZED = SBIWA_C_FLAG_ON.

  • Fill field list table for an optimized select statement

  • (in case that there is no 1:1 relation between InfoSource fields

  • and database table fields this may be far from beeing trivial)

APPEND LINES OF I_T_FIELDS TO S_S_IF-T_FIELDS.

ELSE. "Initialization mode or data extraction ?

************************************************************************

  • Data transfer: First Call OPEN CURSOR + FETCH

  • Following Calls FETCH only

************************************************************************

  • First data package -> OPEN CURSOR

IF S_COUNTER_DATAPAKID = 0.

  • Fill range tables for fixed InfoSources. In the case of generated

  • InfoSources, the usage of a dynamical SELECT statement might be

  • more reasonable. BIW will only pass down simple selection criteria

  • of the type SIGN = 'I' and OPTION = 'EQ' or OPTION = 'BT'.

LOOP AT S_S_IF-T_SELECT INTO L_S_SELECT WHERE FIELDNM = 'RBUKRS'.

MOVE-CORRESPONDING L_S_SELECT TO L_R_RBUKRS.

APPEND L_R_RBUKRS.

ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT S_S_IF-T_SELECT INTO L_S_SELECT WHERE FIELDNM = 'RYEAR'.

MOVE-CORRESPONDING L_S_SELECT TO L_R_RYEAR.

APPEND L_R_RYEAR.

ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT S_S_IF-T_SELECT INTO L_S_SELECT WHERE FIELDNM = 'RPMAX'.

MOVE-CORRESPONDING L_S_SELECT TO L_R_RPMAX.

APPEND L_R_RPMAX.

ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT S_S_IF-T_SELECT INTO L_S_SELECT WHERE FIELDNM = 'RACCT'.

MOVE-CORRESPONDING L_S_SELECT TO L_R_RACCT.

APPEND L_R_RACCT.

ENDLOOP.

  • Determine number of database records to be read per FETCH statement

  • from input parameter I_MAXSIZE. If there is a one to one relation

  • between DataSource table lines and database entries, this is trivial.

  • In other cases, it may be impossible and some estimated value has to

  • be determined.

  • If the extarct not a delta, then extarct data only by

  • the selection criteria

OPEN CURSOR WITH HOLD S_CURSOR FOR

SELECT (S_S_IF-T_FIELDS) FROM GLPCT

WHERE RBUKRS IN L_R_RBUKRS AND

RYEAR IN L_R_RYEAR AND

RPMAX IN L_R_RPMAX AND

RACCT IN L_R_RACCT.

ENDIF. "First data package ?

  • Fetch records into interface table.

  • - fixed interface table structure for fixed InfoSources have to be

  • named E_T_'Name of assigned source structure in table ROIS'.

FETCH NEXT CURSOR S_CURSOR

APPENDING CORRESPONDING FIELDS

OF TABLE E_T_DATA

PACKAGE SIZE S_S_IF-MAXSIZE.

  • If there are no more records, then close cursor exit

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

CLOSE CURSOR S_CURSOR.

RAISE NO_MORE_DATA.

ENDIF.

  • Create anotoer data packet if you have extratced

  • S_S_IF-MAXSIZE number of records

S_COUNTER_DATAPAKID = S_COUNTER_DATAPAKID + 1.

ENDIF. "Initialization mode or data extraction ?

jugal behera

Posts: 6

Registered: 5/30/05

Re: generic datasource using function module

Posted: Jun 6, 2005 1:45 PM Reply E-mail this post

Hi,

There are sample data function module "RSAX_BIW_GET_DATA_SIMPLE" to suppaly data to a generica data source.

This function module is used to get data for a DataSource that was created using generic data extraction (transaction RSO2). During an extraction process, this function module is called up several times in succession:

1. Initialization call up:

Only the request parameters are transferred to the module here (see below). The module cannot transfer any data as yet.

1. First read call up:

The request parameters are not transferred again. The extractor returns data typified by the extract stucture in an interface table. The request parameter (I_MAXSIZE) specifies the number of expected rows.

1. Second read call up:

The extractor returns data connected to the first data package, again in a package with I_MAXSIZE rows.

1. The function module is called up again and again until it calls up the exception 'NO_MORE_DATA'. No more data is allowed to be transferred in the call up in which this exception arose.

The function module must have the following interfaces:

Importing parameters:

I_DSOURCE type SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-DSOURCE DataSource

I_INITFLAG type SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-INITFLAG Initialization call up

I_MAXSIZE type SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-MAXSIZE Package size

I_REQUNR type SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-REQUNR Request number

Tables:

I_T_SELECT type SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-T_SELECT

I_T_FIELDS type SRSC_S_IF_SIMPLE-T_SELECT

E_T_DATA

Exceptions:

NO_MORE_DATA

ERROR_PASSED_TO_MESS_HANDLER

Notes to the individual parameters:

I_INITFLAG

When the function module is called up for the first time, this parameter is set to 'X', afterwards it is set to ' '.

I_MAXSIZE

This parameter contains the number of rows expected for a read call up.

Also

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/86/1c8c3e94243446e10000000a114084/content.htm

you can other example in the forum.

Mike