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Business industries

Former Member
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Hi All,

I am Anusha, I am learning SAP. every1 will feel silly abt my doubt but honestly i am poor at business sector. could any body give me little bit idea abt these modules , i mean SD , MM, PM, HR, FI,CRM(where we can use these all ) bcoz as a SAP consultant i need to know some knowledge abt these modules......

If possible send it to my id:

Accepted Solutions (1)

Accepted Solutions (1)

Former Member
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Dear Anusha,

SD stands for Sales and Distribution.

Typical Flow will be like:



Order Confirmation

Goods Issue

Invoice (Accounts Receivables)

MM stands for Materials Management. It includes Purchasing, Inventory Management etc.

Typical Flow:

Purchase Requisition

Request For Quatation

Quatation Entry

Purchase Order

PO Monitoring

Goods Receipt

Invoice Verification

Accounts Payable

Human Resources:

It includes Recruitment, Personneal Administration, Personnel Development, Time Management, Payroll, Benifits etc.

Recruitment includes different actions:

Posting Ads

ESS (Employee Self Service where in applicant would upload his resume online)

Conducting Interviews

Selection Process

Personnel Administration:

Maintain Personneal Data (Address, Org Assignment, Basic Pay, Bank Details, Previous Employment Details etc)

Customer Relationship Management:

mySAP Customer Relationship Management (mySAP CRM) is a comprehensive solution for managing your business relationships with your customers. It supports all customer-focused business areas, from marketing to sales and service, as well as customer interaction channels, such as the Interaction Center, the Internet, and mobile clients.

The CRM application help offers a comprehensive description of the functional scope of mySAP CRM, and highlights the relationship between the application, the underlying technologies, and the business scenarios. It comprises several parts:

· Getting Started with mySAP CRM

· Portal Roles

· Business Scenarios

· Components and Functions

· Analytics

· Data Exchange and Mobile Technologies

Plant Maintenance is all about maintaing the plants.

Plant Maintenance comprises the following activities:


All measures which establish the actual condition of a technical system

Preventive maintenance

All measures which maintain the ideal condition of a technical system


All measures which restore the ideal condition of a technical system

Other measures taken using the maintenance organization

Hope this will help.



Former Member
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Hi Naveen,

thanks for u r reply, plz tell me abt FI



Former Member
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Dear Anu,

FI :

The Financial Accounting (FI) application component fulfills all the international requirements that must be met by the financial accounting department of an organization. It provides the following features:

Management and representation of all accounting data

All business transactions are recorded according to the document principle, which provides an unbroken audit trail from the financial statements to the individual documents.

Open and integrated data flow

Data flow between Financial Accounting and the other components of the SAP System is ensured by automatic updates.

Data is available in real time within Financial Accounting. Postings made in the subledgers always generate a corresponding posting in the general ledger.

Preparation of operational information to assist strategic decision-making within the organization

1. General Ledger : The central task of G/L accounting is to provide a comprehensive picture for external accounting and accounts. Recording all business transactions (primary postings as well as settlements from internal accounting) in a software system that is fully integrated with all the other operational areas of a company ensures that the accounting data is always complete and accurate.

2. Accounts Receivables

3. Accounts Payable

4. Special Ledger

5. Bank Accounting

6. Asset Accounting

7. Funds Management

8. Travel Management


Controlling provides you with information for management decision-making. It facilitates coordination, monitoring and optimization of all processes in an organization. This involves recording both the consumption of production factors and the services provided by an organization.

As well as documenting actual events, the main task of controlling is planning. You can determine variances by comparing actual data with plan data. These variance calculations enable you to control business flows.

Income statements such as, contribution margin accounting, are used to control the cost efficiency of individual areas of an organization, as well as the entire organization.

1. Cost Center Accounting

2. Internal Orders

3. Product Costing

4. Profitability Analysis



All accounting-relevant transactions made in Logistics (LO) or Human Resources (HR) components are posted real-time to Financial Accounting by means of automatic account determination. This data can also be passed on to Controlling (CO).

This ensures that logistical goods movements (such as goods receipts and goods issues) are exactly reflected in the value-based updates in accounting.

MM - Account Assignment Category, GL Account, Cost Center - You would need to them to purchase a material from a vendor.

Movement types are also assigned to FI Components.

HR - Symbolic Accounts are created for wate types (Basic Pay, HRA, DA etc) and assigned to corresponding GL Accounts

Hope this will help.



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