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Developer Advocate
Developer Advocate
Since SAP Conversational AI introduced the speech-to-text client API, it's worth taking a look at all the ways you can control your chatbot from the client side.

You can:

  • Add a button to open and close the Web Client.

  • Let your app send a message to the chatbot

  • Provide your chatbot with client information from the app

  • Change the appearance or the titles of the buttons or the intro text, based on which app is hosting your chatbot

  • Let your app intercept messages, either from the user or from the chatbot, and update the app based on the conversation

  • Update the memory of the chatbot, which can completely change the flow of the conversation

At the end of the blog post, you'll see how I can control a Google Map in a web page via a chatbot.

The formal documentation for all the Web Client APIs is available in GitHub, plus a new tutorial, Let Your Web App Interact with Your Chatbot.

There is also a related capability that let's the chatbot send data to the Web Client, and therefore to your app, via a "client data" message that sends data but does not display it in the chatbot. That is also explained below.

How Web Client APIs work

The Web Client APIs come automatically when you add your Web Client script to your web application. All the APIs are in the object:

So as a demo example, in an SAPUI5 app, I can add a input field and button:

And add an event listener to open the chatbot and send a message to the chatbot, for example, to provide help via an FAQ bot, or start a conversation based on something happening in the app:
onPressMessage: function (evt) {
var oView = this.getView(),
myinput = oView.byId("messageText");;;

For the setTheme method, you will need to supply the formal theme name (e.g., sap_belize). I created a data model so I could load the themes in a Select box for the user. I believe the below list are supported, but there may be more and, of course, it will likely change over time.
var themes = {
"themes": [
"name": "SAP Belize",
"theme": "sap_belize"
"name": "SAP Belize High Contrast Black",
"theme": "sap_belize_hcb"
"name": "SAP Belize High Contrast White",
"theme": "sap_belize_hcw"
"name": "SAP Quartz",
"theme": "sap_fiori_3"
"name": "SAP Quartz Dark",
"theme": "sap_fiori_3_dark"
"name": "SAP Quartz High Contrast White",
"theme": "sap_fiori_3_hcw"
"name": "SAP Quartz High Contrast Black",
"theme": "sap_fiori_3_hcb"
"name": "SAP Horizon",
"theme": "sap_horizon"
"name": "SAP Horizon Experimental",
"theme": "sap_horizon_exp"


var oModel = new JSONModel(themes);
this.getView().setModel(oModel, "themes");

How Web Client Bridge APIs work

To use the Web Client Bridge APIs, you must create callback functions in the object:

For example, I intercepted the text "SENDING AVATAR" from the chatbot, which told me to load an image in the app:
const webclientBridge = {

onMessage: (payload) => {
payload.messages.forEach(element => {
if (element.participant.isBot) {
if (element.attachment.content.text.startsWith("SENDING AVATAR")) {
profile = element.attachment.content.text.substring(19);
window.sapcai.webclientBridge.imageeditor.setSrc("" + profile + ".png")

window.sapcai = {

I could have implemented this particular feature with the Client Data message (see next section).

How Client Data message works

The following is based on a blog post by timothy.janssen where he implemented a way to control an app via the chatbot, but was written before the Client Data was available:

In my skill, when I'm ready to send data to my app, I can create a Client Data message:

And then define the data I want to send as JSON, most likely using some scripting. Here I send an action name and the coordinates from the location entity.

In the app, I can intercept the messages – the same as any message as explained above with the standard Web Client Bridge API. But now I check if it is a Client Data message, and if so, I can get the data.

The data is provided in an array called elements, in the order they were sent.
onMessage: (payload) => { => {
if (message.attachment.type == 'client_data') {
let action = message.attachment.content.elements[0].value
if (action == "zoom") {
} else if (action == "move") {
let location = message.attachment.content.elements[1].value
setCenter(, location.lng);

zoom and setCenter are methods that encapsulate a call to the Google Maps API.

Here is how the application works: The map starts in the middle of Australia, zoomed out (I assume that's the default example they give with the Google Maps API).

I can say "move to" and the map will move.

I can say "zoom in 4" and the map will zoom in.

For more details on how the chatbot works, you can see the original blog by timothy.janssen