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With the last Monday Knowledge Snippet (MKS98) I introduced the concept of normalized quantities as additional packaging information. The Supply Chain Execution Package Builder (SCE PB) can now determine per item how much it will consume when being packaged, either in an abstract or real packaging unit of measure. Today I would like to show how this information is handled and visible in SAP Transportation Management 9.6 (and of course the S4 release).

First step is to enable the additional information in the document types of the requirement and capacity documents. There is a new field for the default unit of measure for normalized quantity available:

Default Unit of Measure for Normalized Quantity in Freight Unit type

As explained in MKS98, it is very important to carefully decide about the question which unit of measure to use. Technically the system can handle multiple units, but from a consistency point of view scenarios with a single unit are way more easy to understand and analyze.

After having this defined, package building activated in the Freight Unit Building, and the SCE PB configured to determine the normalized quantity, this is the view in the Freight Unit: On the General Data a new field appears showing the sum of all item based normalized quantities:

Freight Unit General Data - Normalized Quantity

This information gives the normalized view, but the actual required packaging quantity is visible in the new tab Packaging Material Overview.

Package Material Overview of Freight Unit

In this example Freight Unit there are items that will be packaged onto CHEP pallets, but also a single item that will be packaged into a cool box. The overview shows the packaged quantity, the unpackaged quantity, and the number of so far not packaged items. In case the FU already represents the packaging (or in the Package Unit), all items will already be packaged and no unpackaged quantity will remain. But for the consolidation process building cross customer pallets, the FU will contain unpackaged items.

Going to the items, it is possible to see this info under the quantities:

Item based quantities in the Freight Unit

Same information is also visible in the capacity documents, for example Road Freight Orders.

No going into the planning process using the Transportation Cockpit, the same info is available in the requirement and capacity lists and hierarchies:

Freight Units in Transportation Cockpit

Package Material Overview for Freight Unit

Freight Order in Transportation Cockpit

Package Material Overview for Freight Order

So how does this additional information help?

In automatic planning using the VSR optimizer, the normalized quantity will be considered when selecting resources. The capacity of resources will in such a scenario be defined in the normalization unit of measure. When then building packages for the capacity documents created by the automatic planning, the result will if setup correctly not invalidate the route planning and the top level packages fit into the resource when being load planned.

In manual planning (either exception planning after VSR or completely manual), this information enables the planner to better match the requirements to the remaining capacity to improve the utilization.