This is a short list of the most commonly used abbreviations and terms used in Life Sciences. I will update this every now and then. If you have questions or comments or abbreviations not on the list, let me know!
Abbreviation for a prespription and in some contexts also for prescrition drugs
A generic drug or "Generic" is a pharmaceutical product that is not protected by a patent anymore. Those products are typically sold via the name of the active ingredient (e.g. Acetylsalicylic Acid = A.S.S. rather than Aspirin) or generic name, thus the name.
A drug that doesn't require a prespription but is sold over the counter, so basically non-Rx.
Be careful not to confuse this with Order-to-Cash, abbreviated OTC as well or O2C. People might use the same abbreviation for both terms.
Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient
Unique Device Identifyer
used for medical devices
Good Manufacturing Practice
Good Laboratory Practice
Good Distribution Practice
summarizing GMP and GLP and all the other flavors
Good Automated Manufacturing Practice
GAMP is a guide for the validation of automated systems in pharmaceutical Manufacturing and was issued by the UK Pharmaceutical Industry Computer Validation Forum. It is often used by companies to guide them through a validation project. see: www.ISPE.org
Code of Federal Regulation
US laws, covers for example GMP guidelines, e.g. the rule for electrionic records and signatures can be found in 21 CFR Part 11.
Part of the CFR covering digital and electronic signatures
National Drug Code
used for any national code used to identify pharmaceutical products, often used for the US NDC specifically
Food and Drug Administration
even though other countries also run an FDA, this typically relates to the US FDA
Ministry of Health
New Drug Application
the application you have to submit to register a new drug. Careful not to mix this up with a Non-Disclosure Agreement.
Comuter Aided (or assisted) NDA
Prescription Drug Marketing Act
Contract Manufacturing Organization
Company that manufactures a certain product on behalf of another company
Manufacturing Execution System
A computer system used to manage the productio activitities (both manual and automated) on the plant floor
Laboratory Information Management System
A computer system used to manage laboratory tasks (like chemical analysis for quality control), manages the resulting data and ultimately the batch characteristics.