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Purpose of the document:

Creation and assignment of Mitigation Controls in SAP GRC 12.0.This document describes the Mitigation configuration proces in GRC12 Access Control in very simple and easy way.

What is Mitigation?

The Mitigation allows you to mitigate certain risk violations that you want available to specific users or roles. This is done by creating and assigning a Mitigation Control.

Why is Mitigation is required?

you can use mitigation controls when it is not possible to separate Segregation of duties SoD from the business process.


You can use Mitigating Controls to associate controls with risks, and assign them to users, roles, profiles, or HR objects. You can then define individuals as control monitors, or approvers, and assign them to specific controls. You can also create organizations and business processes to help categorize mitigating controls.

Using the Mitigating Controls section, you can complete the following tasks:

  • Create mitigating controls (that you cannot remove)

  • Assign mitigating controls to users, roles, and profiles that contain a risk

  • Establish a period of time during which the control is valid

  • Specify steps to monitor conflicting actions associated with the risk

  • Create administrator, control monitors, approvers, and risk owners, and assign them to mitigating controls

Now we will learn how to create and assign a Mitigation.

Step 1)  As a pre requisite, the two Owners (Normal Dialog User Ids) should be created under SU01 and assign the below Roles.


GRC Controler Roles under PFCG



and should be maintained under Path,  NWBC > Setup > Access Owners > Access Control Owners  ,as below.

Assign one as Mitigation Monitors and Second as Mitigation Approvers

Owners Assignment



Now Save and Close.


Step 2) Now, we will be creating Root Organization

Path : SPRO > GRC > Shared Master Data Setting à Create Root Org Hierarchy

SPRO Tcode


Give the name as per your requirement and execute.


Step 3) Now, Goto NWBC > Setup and maintain data for Root Organization


Under NWBC



Open the Organization you created.

Details for General and Owners Tabs are compulsory

In Owners Tab maintain the Users which we have created in Step -1.


Step  4)

Now, we will create Mitigation Control Id

Goto NWBC > Setup > Mitigation Control


maintain the details

Give the Risk Id under Access Risks which you wanted to Mitigate. One Mitigation Id can be used to Mitigate multiple Risks.

Risk Id asignment


In Owners tab maintain the same two users which we had created in Step -1. One as Approver and another as Monitor.

Owners Assignment


We have created Mitigation Control Id now Save and close this tab.


Step 5)

Now we will assign this Mitigation Control Id to the User who has a Risk.

Goto Mitigated User under Access Management under NWBC.


Goto Assign tab and fill all the required details, we already created the Control Id, Monitor and Approver, same we can maintain here, also give the user Name which you wanted to mitigate and click on save.

User Mitigation



Step 6)

We may now proceed for Risk Analysis


Maintain all required details.


Upon executing Risk Analysis it will through as no Violation.

Risk Analysis


User is Mitigated, we achieved our goal, we learned End to End Process of MItigation Creationa and assignment here.Hope this document will help you to learn the mitigation Process.Please feel free to ask questions and comment if any issue related to Mitigation is being faced or any further help needed, this will motivate to create further more SAP blogs.