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select single & select up to 1 row

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi,

what is the difference between select single & select up to 1 row ?

when do we use select single ?

when do we use select up to 1 row ?

Is there any relaton between buffering and these select single , select up to 1 row .

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi,

According to SAP Performance course the SELECT UP TO 1 ROWS is faster than SELECT SINGLE because you are not using all the primary key fields.

Select single is a construct designed to read database records with primary key. In the absence of the primary key, it might end up doing a sequential search, whereas the select up to 1 rows may assume that there is no primary key supplied and will try to find most suitable index.

The best way to find out is through sql trace or runtime analysis.

Use "select up to 1 rows" only if you are sure that all the records returned will have the same value for the field(s) you are interested in. If not, you will be reading only the first record which matches the criteria, but may be the second or the third record has the value you are looking for.

The System test result showed that the variant Single * takes less time than Up to 1 rows as there is an additional level for COUNT STOP KEY for SELECT ENDSELECT UP TO 1 ROWS.

The 'SELECT SINGLE' statement selects the first row in the database that it finds that fulfils the 'WHERE' clause If this results in multiple records then only the first one will be returned and therefore may not be unique.

Mainly: to read data from

The 'SELECT .... UP TO 1 ROWS' statement is subtly different. The database selects all of the relevant records that are defined by the WHERE clause, applies any aggregate, ordering or grouping functions to them and then returns the first record of the result set.

Mainly: to check if entries exist.

Select Single

You need to mention all the key fields of the table.

No END SELECT required.

More performance compared to upto 1 row.

Where as UP to 1 row.

YOu can use if you do not have all the primiary key fields available.

END SELECT requeired.

Since all keys are not passing, possiblities of have other rows which satisfies the condition.

Regards

Kiran Sure

4 REPLIES 4

Former Member
0 Kudos

Check out the below related thread

Regards,

Santsoh

former_member181995
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Hi Check this out thread.

Amit

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi,

According to SAP Performance course the SELECT UP TO 1 ROWS is faster than SELECT SINGLE because you are not using all the primary key fields.

Select single is a construct designed to read database records with primary key. In the absence of the primary key, it might end up doing a sequential search, whereas the select up to 1 rows may assume that there is no primary key supplied and will try to find most suitable index.

The best way to find out is through sql trace or runtime analysis.

Use "select up to 1 rows" only if you are sure that all the records returned will have the same value for the field(s) you are interested in. If not, you will be reading only the first record which matches the criteria, but may be the second or the third record has the value you are looking for.

The System test result showed that the variant Single * takes less time than Up to 1 rows as there is an additional level for COUNT STOP KEY for SELECT ENDSELECT UP TO 1 ROWS.

The 'SELECT SINGLE' statement selects the first row in the database that it finds that fulfils the 'WHERE' clause If this results in multiple records then only the first one will be returned and therefore may not be unique.

Mainly: to read data from

The 'SELECT .... UP TO 1 ROWS' statement is subtly different. The database selects all of the relevant records that are defined by the WHERE clause, applies any aggregate, ordering or grouping functions to them and then returns the first record of the result set.

Mainly: to check if entries exist.

Select Single

You need to mention all the key fields of the table.

No END SELECT required.

More performance compared to upto 1 row.

Where as UP to 1 row.

YOu can use if you do not have all the primiary key fields available.

END SELECT requeired.

Since all keys are not passing, possiblities of have other rows which satisfies the condition.

Regards

Kiran Sure

Former Member
0 Kudos

hi,

consider the following example:

SELECT SINGLE field

INTO w_field

FROM table.

SELECT field

INTO w_field

FROM table

UP TO 1 ROWS.

ENDSELECT.

the select single statement selects the first row that

satisfies the where condition If this results in multiple records then only the first one will be returned.

The 'SELECT .... UP TO 1 ROWS' statement selects all of the relevant records that are defined by the WHERE clause

and then returns the first record of the resultant result set.

thanks and regards