The difference between cutomizing and configuration is:
CONFIGURATION: we will configure the system to meet the needs of your business by using the existing data.
CUSTOMIZING: we will customise or adapt the system to your business requirements, which is the process of mapping SAP to your business process.
Also, When considering enterprise software of any type, it is important to understand the difference between configuration and customization. The crux of the difference is complexity.
Configuration uses the inherent flexibility of the enterprise software to add fields, change field names,modify drop-down lists, or add buttons. Configurations are made using powerful built-in tool sets.
Customization involves code changes to create functionality that is not available through configuration. Customization can be costly and can complicate future upgrades to the software because the code changes may not easily migrate to the new version.Wherever possible, governments should avoid customization by using configuration to meet their goals.Governments also should understand their vendor's particular terminology with regard to this issue since words like "modifications" or "extensions" often mean different things to different vendors.
In a simple way, sap to business mapping is configuration and business to
sap is customization. In the sense, if whatever functionality is provided by
can work then we just go by that. But in reality generally there are some
differences between whats provided in sap as a standard and what the client
needs. so SAP is modified as per that requirement which is nothing but
customization.Ex: In SAP standard customer analysis is T-code MCTA which displays customer incoming orders,sales & credit memo value but the client may need more data like price,tax,discount etc. which can be customised in Z-REPORTS.
If you use the IMG options provided by SAP (in Txn SPRO) to setup required settings for a business scenario, that is just configuring various parameters to suit your requirement.
If the above configuration settings provided by SAP are not sufficient for your business requirements, you may enhance the SAP standard functions using BADI/USER Exit or by coding additional transactions. This is customization
The bext practice is to explore the posibilities of enhancing the content objects and avoid going for custom objects, especially the data sources.
Proceed as follows.
1. Review the reporting requirements.
2. Review the data sources in RSA5 or in help.sap.com.
3. Find out the suitability and arive at the gap between the content and the requirements.
4. For the gaps, find out the source tables and fields and enhance the content extractors.
Variant configuration is purely a functional related topic.
At the max what we have done is when the functional guys define different characteristics for the Material/product, we should know how to fetch them using the function module or Bapi.
We used the following
<b>Reward points if useful</b>