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joins...

Former Member
0 Kudos

what are the types of joins?deiscribe them?

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Former Member
0 Kudos

hi sunil,

Try to go thro info. Inner join and left outer join is possible in sap abap.

... FROM tabref1 [INNER] JOIN tabref2 ON cond

Effect

The data is to be selected from transparent database tables and/or views determined by tabref1 and tabref2. tabref1 and tabref2 each have the same form as in variant 1 or are themselves Join expressions. The keyword INNER does not have to be specified. The database tables or views determined by tabref1 and tabref2 must be recognized by the ABAP Dictionary.

In a relational data structure, it is quite normal for data that belongs together to be split up across several tables to help the process of standardization (see relational databases). To regroup this information into a database query, you can link tables using the join command. This formulates conditions for the columns in the tables involved. The inner join contains all combinations of lines from the database table determined by tabref1 with lines from the table determined by tabref2, whose values together meet the logical condition (join condition) specified using ON>cond.

Inner join between table 1 and table 2, where column D in both tables in the join condition is set the same:

Table 1 Table 2










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

3

e2

f2

g2

h2

a3

b3

c3

2

4

e3

f3

g3

h3

a4

b4

c4

3










\ /

\ /

\ /

\ /

\/

Inner Join










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a4

b4

c4

3

3

e2

f2

g2

h2










Example

Output a list of all flights from Frankfurt to New York between September 10th and 20th, 2001 that are not sold out:

DATA: DATE LIKE SFLIGHT-FLDATE,

CARRID LIKE SFLIGHT-CARRID,

CONNID LIKE SFLIGHT-CONNID.

SELECT FCARRID FCONNID F~FLDATE

INTO (CARRID, CONNID, DATE)

FROM SFLIGHT AS F INNER JOIN SPFLI AS P

ON FCARRID = PCARRID AND

FCONNID = PCONNID

WHERE P~CITYFROM = 'FRANKFURT'

AND P~CITYTO = 'NEW YORK'

AND F~FLDATE BETWEEN '20010910' AND '20010920'

AND FSEATSOCC < FSEATSMAX.

WRITE: / DATE, CARRID, CONNID.

ENDSELECT.

If there are columns with the same name in both tables, you must distinguish between them by prefixing the field descriptor with the table name or a table alias.

Note

In order to determine the result of a SELECT command where the FROM clause contains a join, the database system first creates a temporary table containing the lines that meet the ON condition. The WHERE condition is then applied to the temporary table. It does not matter in an inner join whether the condition is in the ON or WHEREclause. The following example returns the same solution as the previous one.

Example

Output of a list of all flights from Frankfurt to New York between September 10th and 20th, 2001 that are not sold out:

DATA: DATE LIKE SFLIGHT-FLDATE,

CARRID LIKE SFLIGHT-CARRID,

CONNID LIKE SFLIGHT-CONNID.

SELECT FCARRID FCONNID F~FLDATE

INTO (CARRID, CONNID, DATE)

FROM SFLIGHT AS F INNER JOIN SPFLI AS P

ON FCARRID = PCARRID

WHERE FCONNID = PCONNID

AND P~CITYFROM = 'FRANKFURT'

AND P~CITYTO = 'NEW YORK'

AND F~FLDATE BETWEEN '20010910' AND '20010920'

AND FSEATSOCC < FSEATSMAX.

WRITE: / DATE, CARRID, CONNID.

ENDSELECT.

Note

Since not all of the database systems supported by SAP use the standard syntax for ON conditions, the syntax has been restricted. It only allows those joins that produce the same results on all of the supported database systems:

Only a table or view may appear to the right of the JOIN operator, not another join expression.

Only AND is possible in the ON condition as a logical operator.

Each comparison in the ON condition must contain a field from the right-hand table.

If an outer join occurs in the FROM clause, all the ON conditions must contain at least one "real" JOIN condition (a condition that contains a field from tabref1 amd a field from tabref2.

Note

In some cases, '*' may be specified in the SELECT clause, and an internal table or work area is entered into the INTO clause (instead of a list of fields). If so, the fields are written to the target area from left to right in the order in which the tables appear in the FROM clause, according to the structure of each table work area. There can then be gaps between table work areas if you use an Alignment Request. For this reason, you should define the target work area with reference to the types of the database tables, not simply by counting the total number of fields. For an example, see below:

Variant 3

... FROM tabref1 LEFT [OUTER] JOIN tabref2 ON cond

Effect

Selects the data from the transparent database tables and/or views specified in tabref1 and tabref2. tabref1 und tabref2 both have either the same form as in variant 1 or are themselves join expressions. The keyword OUTER can be omitted. The database tables or views specified in tabref1 and tabref2 must be recognized by the ABAP-Dictionary.

In order to determine the result of a SELECT command where the FROM clause contains a left outer join, the database system creates a temporary table containing the lines that meet the ON condition. The remaining fields from the left-hand table (tabref1) are then added to this table, and their corresponding fields from the right-hand table are filled with ZERO values. The system then applies the WHERE condition to the table.

Left outer join between table 1 and table 2 where column D in both tables set the join condition:

Table 1 Table 2










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

3

e2

f2

g2

h2

a3

b3

c3

2

4

e3

f3

g3

h3

a4

b4

c4

3










\ /

\ /

\ /

\ /

\/

Left Outer Join










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a3

b3

c3

2

NULL

NULL

NULL

NULL

NULL

a4

b4

c4

3

3

e2

f2

g2

h2










Example

Output a list of all custimers with their bookings for October 15th, 2001:

DATA: CUSTOMER TYPE SCUSTOM,

BOOKING TYPE SBOOK.

SELECT SCUSTOMNAME SCUSTOMPOSTCODE SCUSTOM~CITY

SBOOKFLDATE SBOOKCARRID SBOOKCONNID SBOOKBOOKID

INTO (CUSTOMER-NAME, CUSTOMER-POSTCODE, CUSTOMER-CITY,

BOOKING-FLDATE, BOOKING-CARRID, BOOKING-CONNID,

BOOKING-BOOKID)

FROM SCUSTOM LEFT OUTER JOIN SBOOK

ON SCUSTOMID = SBOOKCUSTOMID AND

SBOOK~FLDATE = '20011015'

ORDER BY SCUSTOMNAME SBOOKFLDATE.

WRITE: / CUSTOMER-NAME, CUSTOMER-POSTCODE, CUSTOMER-CITY,

BOOKING-FLDATE, BOOKING-CARRID, BOOKING-CONNID,

BOOKING-BOOKID.

ENDSELECT.

If there are columns with the same name in both tables, you must distinguish between them by prefixing the field descriptor with the table name or using an alias.

Note

For the resulting set of a SELECT command with a left outer join in the FROM clause, it is generally of crucial importance whether a logical condition is in the ON or WHERE condition. Since not all of the database systems supported by SAP themselves support the standard syntax and semantics of the left outer join, the syntax has been restricted to those cases that return the same solution in all database systems:

Only a table or view may come after the JOIN operator, not another join statement.

The only logical operator allowed in the ON condition is AND.

Each comparison in the ON condition must contain a field from the right-hand table.

Comparisons in the WHERE condition must not contain a field from the right-hand table.

The ON condition must contain at least one "real" JOIN condition (a condition in which a field from tabref1 as well as from tabref2 occurs).

Note

In some cases, '*' may be specivied as the field list in the SELECT clause, and an internal table or work area is entered in the INTO clause (instead of a list of fields). If so, the fields are written to the target area from left to right in the order in which the tables appear in the llen in der FROM clause, according to the structure of each table work area. There can be gaps between the table work areas if you use an Alignment Request. For this reason, you should define the target work area with reference to the types of the database tables, as in the following example (not simply by counting the total number of fields).

Example

Example of a JOIN with more than two tables: Select all flights from Frankfurt to New York between September 10th and 20th, 2001 where there are available places, and display the name of the airline.

DATA: BEGIN OF WA,

FLIGHT TYPE SFLIGHT,

PFLI TYPE SPFLI,

CARR TYPE SCARR,

END OF WA.

SELECT * INTO WA

FROM ( SFLIGHT AS F INNER JOIN SPFLI AS P

ON FCARRID = PCARRID AND

FCONNID = PCONNID )

INNER JOIN SCARR AS C

ON FCARRID = CCARRID

WHERE P~CITYFROM = 'FRANKFURT'

AND P~CITYTO = 'NEW YORK'

AND F~FLDATE BETWEEN '20010910' AND '20010920'

AND FSEATSOCC < FSEATSMAX.

WRITE: / WA-CARR-CARRNAME, WA-FLIGHT-FLDATE, WA-FLIGHT-CARRID,

WA-FLIGHT-CONNID.

ENDSELECT.

Regards.....

Arun.

Reward points if useful.

4 REPLIES 4

Former Member
0 Kudos

hi sunil,

Try to go thro info. Inner join and left outer join is possible in sap abap.

... FROM tabref1 [INNER] JOIN tabref2 ON cond

Effect

The data is to be selected from transparent database tables and/or views determined by tabref1 and tabref2. tabref1 and tabref2 each have the same form as in variant 1 or are themselves Join expressions. The keyword INNER does not have to be specified. The database tables or views determined by tabref1 and tabref2 must be recognized by the ABAP Dictionary.

In a relational data structure, it is quite normal for data that belongs together to be split up across several tables to help the process of standardization (see relational databases). To regroup this information into a database query, you can link tables using the join command. This formulates conditions for the columns in the tables involved. The inner join contains all combinations of lines from the database table determined by tabref1 with lines from the table determined by tabref2, whose values together meet the logical condition (join condition) specified using ON>cond.

Inner join between table 1 and table 2, where column D in both tables in the join condition is set the same:

Table 1 Table 2










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

3

e2

f2

g2

h2

a3

b3

c3

2

4

e3

f3

g3

h3

a4

b4

c4

3










\ /

\ /

\ /

\ /

\/

Inner Join










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a4

b4

c4

3

3

e2

f2

g2

h2










Example

Output a list of all flights from Frankfurt to New York between September 10th and 20th, 2001 that are not sold out:

DATA: DATE LIKE SFLIGHT-FLDATE,

CARRID LIKE SFLIGHT-CARRID,

CONNID LIKE SFLIGHT-CONNID.

SELECT FCARRID FCONNID F~FLDATE

INTO (CARRID, CONNID, DATE)

FROM SFLIGHT AS F INNER JOIN SPFLI AS P

ON FCARRID = PCARRID AND

FCONNID = PCONNID

WHERE P~CITYFROM = 'FRANKFURT'

AND P~CITYTO = 'NEW YORK'

AND F~FLDATE BETWEEN '20010910' AND '20010920'

AND FSEATSOCC < FSEATSMAX.

WRITE: / DATE, CARRID, CONNID.

ENDSELECT.

If there are columns with the same name in both tables, you must distinguish between them by prefixing the field descriptor with the table name or a table alias.

Note

In order to determine the result of a SELECT command where the FROM clause contains a join, the database system first creates a temporary table containing the lines that meet the ON condition. The WHERE condition is then applied to the temporary table. It does not matter in an inner join whether the condition is in the ON or WHEREclause. The following example returns the same solution as the previous one.

Example

Output of a list of all flights from Frankfurt to New York between September 10th and 20th, 2001 that are not sold out:

DATA: DATE LIKE SFLIGHT-FLDATE,

CARRID LIKE SFLIGHT-CARRID,

CONNID LIKE SFLIGHT-CONNID.

SELECT FCARRID FCONNID F~FLDATE

INTO (CARRID, CONNID, DATE)

FROM SFLIGHT AS F INNER JOIN SPFLI AS P

ON FCARRID = PCARRID

WHERE FCONNID = PCONNID

AND P~CITYFROM = 'FRANKFURT'

AND P~CITYTO = 'NEW YORK'

AND F~FLDATE BETWEEN '20010910' AND '20010920'

AND FSEATSOCC < FSEATSMAX.

WRITE: / DATE, CARRID, CONNID.

ENDSELECT.

Note

Since not all of the database systems supported by SAP use the standard syntax for ON conditions, the syntax has been restricted. It only allows those joins that produce the same results on all of the supported database systems:

Only a table or view may appear to the right of the JOIN operator, not another join expression.

Only AND is possible in the ON condition as a logical operator.

Each comparison in the ON condition must contain a field from the right-hand table.

If an outer join occurs in the FROM clause, all the ON conditions must contain at least one "real" JOIN condition (a condition that contains a field from tabref1 amd a field from tabref2.

Note

In some cases, '*' may be specified in the SELECT clause, and an internal table or work area is entered into the INTO clause (instead of a list of fields). If so, the fields are written to the target area from left to right in the order in which the tables appear in the FROM clause, according to the structure of each table work area. There can then be gaps between table work areas if you use an Alignment Request. For this reason, you should define the target work area with reference to the types of the database tables, not simply by counting the total number of fields. For an example, see below:

Variant 3

... FROM tabref1 LEFT [OUTER] JOIN tabref2 ON cond

Effect

Selects the data from the transparent database tables and/or views specified in tabref1 and tabref2. tabref1 und tabref2 both have either the same form as in variant 1 or are themselves join expressions. The keyword OUTER can be omitted. The database tables or views specified in tabref1 and tabref2 must be recognized by the ABAP-Dictionary.

In order to determine the result of a SELECT command where the FROM clause contains a left outer join, the database system creates a temporary table containing the lines that meet the ON condition. The remaining fields from the left-hand table (tabref1) are then added to this table, and their corresponding fields from the right-hand table are filled with ZERO values. The system then applies the WHERE condition to the table.

Left outer join between table 1 and table 2 where column D in both tables set the join condition:

Table 1 Table 2










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

3

e2

f2

g2

h2

a3

b3

c3

2

4

e3

f3

g3

h3

a4

b4

c4

3










\ /

\ /

\ /

\ /

\/

Left Outer Join










A

B

C

D

D

E

F

G

H










a1

b1

c1

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a2

b2

c2

1

1

e1

f1

g1

h1

a3

b3

c3

2

NULL

NULL

NULL

NULL

NULL

a4

b4

c4

3

3

e2

f2

g2

h2










Example

Output a list of all custimers with their bookings for October 15th, 2001:

DATA: CUSTOMER TYPE SCUSTOM,

BOOKING TYPE SBOOK.

SELECT SCUSTOMNAME SCUSTOMPOSTCODE SCUSTOM~CITY

SBOOKFLDATE SBOOKCARRID SBOOKCONNID SBOOKBOOKID

INTO (CUSTOMER-NAME, CUSTOMER-POSTCODE, CUSTOMER-CITY,

BOOKING-FLDATE, BOOKING-CARRID, BOOKING-CONNID,

BOOKING-BOOKID)

FROM SCUSTOM LEFT OUTER JOIN SBOOK

ON SCUSTOMID = SBOOKCUSTOMID AND

SBOOK~FLDATE = '20011015'

ORDER BY SCUSTOMNAME SBOOKFLDATE.

WRITE: / CUSTOMER-NAME, CUSTOMER-POSTCODE, CUSTOMER-CITY,

BOOKING-FLDATE, BOOKING-CARRID, BOOKING-CONNID,

BOOKING-BOOKID.

ENDSELECT.

If there are columns with the same name in both tables, you must distinguish between them by prefixing the field descriptor with the table name or using an alias.

Note

For the resulting set of a SELECT command with a left outer join in the FROM clause, it is generally of crucial importance whether a logical condition is in the ON or WHERE condition. Since not all of the database systems supported by SAP themselves support the standard syntax and semantics of the left outer join, the syntax has been restricted to those cases that return the same solution in all database systems:

Only a table or view may come after the JOIN operator, not another join statement.

The only logical operator allowed in the ON condition is AND.

Each comparison in the ON condition must contain a field from the right-hand table.

Comparisons in the WHERE condition must not contain a field from the right-hand table.

The ON condition must contain at least one "real" JOIN condition (a condition in which a field from tabref1 as well as from tabref2 occurs).

Note

In some cases, '*' may be specivied as the field list in the SELECT clause, and an internal table or work area is entered in the INTO clause (instead of a list of fields). If so, the fields are written to the target area from left to right in the order in which the tables appear in the llen in der FROM clause, according to the structure of each table work area. There can be gaps between the table work areas if you use an Alignment Request. For this reason, you should define the target work area with reference to the types of the database tables, as in the following example (not simply by counting the total number of fields).

Example

Example of a JOIN with more than two tables: Select all flights from Frankfurt to New York between September 10th and 20th, 2001 where there are available places, and display the name of the airline.

DATA: BEGIN OF WA,

FLIGHT TYPE SFLIGHT,

PFLI TYPE SPFLI,

CARR TYPE SCARR,

END OF WA.

SELECT * INTO WA

FROM ( SFLIGHT AS F INNER JOIN SPFLI AS P

ON FCARRID = PCARRID AND

FCONNID = PCONNID )

INNER JOIN SCARR AS C

ON FCARRID = CCARRID

WHERE P~CITYFROM = 'FRANKFURT'

AND P~CITYTO = 'NEW YORK'

AND F~FLDATE BETWEEN '20010910' AND '20010920'

AND FSEATSOCC < FSEATSMAX.

WRITE: / WA-CARR-CARRNAME, WA-FLIGHT-FLDATE, WA-FLIGHT-CARRID,

WA-FLIGHT-CONNID.

ENDSELECT.

Regards.....

Arun.

Reward points if useful.

0 Kudos

I need some info about joins used in ABAP keepin in mind that I m only a beginner.

Former Member
0 Kudos

TABLES:YTAB1,YTAB2.

DATA:BEGIN OF ITAB OCCURS 0,

ECODE LIKE YTAB1-ECODE,

ENAME LIKE YTAB1-ENAME,

DNO LIKE YTAB2-DNO,

SALARY LIKE YTAB1-SALARY,

CTYPE LIKE YTAB1-CTYPE,

DNAME LIKE YTAB2-DNAME,

END OF ITAB.

SELECT YTAB1ECODE YTAB1ENAME YTAB1DNO YTAB1SALARY YTAB1~CTYPE

YTAB2~DNAME INTO (ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE

,ITAB-DNAME) FROM YTAB1 INNER JOIN YTAB2 ON YTAB1DNO = YTAB2DNO.

WRITE:/ ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE,

ITAB-DNAME.

ENDSELECT.

SKIP 2.

SELECT YTAB1ECODE YTAB1ENAME YTAB1DNO YTAB1SALARY YTAB1~CTYPE

YTAB2~DNAME INTO (ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE

,ITAB-DNAME) FROM YTAB1 LEFT OUTER JOIN YTAB2 ON YTAB1DNO = YTAB2DNO.

WRITE:/ ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE,

ITAB-DNAME.

ENDSELECT.

SKIP 2.

SELECT YTAB1ECODE YTAB1ENAME YTAB2DNO YTAB1SALARY YTAB1~CTYPE

YTAB2~DNAME INTO (ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE

,ITAB-DNAME) FROM YTAB2 INNER JOIN YTAB1 ON YTAB2DNO = YTAB1DNO.

WRITE:/ ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE,

ITAB-DNAME.

ENDSELECT.

SKIP 2.

SELECT YTAB1ECODE YTAB1ENAME YTAB2DNO YTAB1SALARY YTAB1~CTYPE

YTAB2~DNAME INTO (ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE

,ITAB-DNAME) FROM YTAB2 LEFT OUTER JOIN YTAB1 ON YTAB2DNO = YTAB1DNO.

WRITE:/ ITAB-ECODE,ITAB-ENAME,ITAB-DNO,ITAB-SALARY,ITAB-CTYPE,

ITAB-DNAME.

ENDSELECT.

check it .

it will be useful.

ferry_lianto
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Hi,

Really there are two types, inner join and left outter join. Inner join is when you know that there is a 1.1 or 1.n link between the tables. Here you will only get a hit if there is a link in the two tables. When it is not known whether there is a match in the second table, then here is where the left outer join comes in. It will still give you the values from the first table, even though it might not find a match in the second table, the fields from the second table will simply be blank.

Please more information, please check this links.

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/cf/21ec77446011d189700000e8322d00/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/fc/eb39c4358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

Regards,

Ferry Lianto