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IDOC

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi all.

Please tell me what exactly the use of IDOC.

I heard that it is used to transfer data in text file from pc to SAP database is it true, if it is then we have UPLOAD & DOWNLOAD function module to perform that functions. So what is the difference between these function module and IDOC.

Regards

Prajwal K.

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi

Hope it will help you,.

Pls reward if help.

Data Creation in Idoc

IDocs are text encoded documents with a rigid structure that are used to exchange data between R/3 and a foreign system. Instead of calling a program in the destination system directly, the data is first packed into an IDoc and then sent to the receiving system, where it is analyzed and properly processed. Therefore an IDoc data exchange is always an

asynchronous process. The significant difference between simple RFC-calls and IDoc data exchange is the fact, that every action performed on IDocs are protocolled by R/3 and IDocs can be reprocessed if an error occurred in one of the message steps.

While IDocs have to be understood as a data exchange protocol, EDI and ALE are typical use cases for IDocs. R/3 uses IDocs for both EDI and ALE to deliver data to the receiving system. ALE is basically the scheduling mechanism that defines when and between which partners and what kind of data will be exchanged on a regular or event triggered basis. Such a set-up is called an ALE-scenario.

IDoc is a intermediate document to exchange data between two SAP Systems.

*IDocs are structured ASCII files (or a virtual equivalent).

*Electronic Interchange Document

*They are the file format used by SAP R/3 to exchange data with foreign systems.

*Data Is transmitted in ASCII format, i.e. human readable form

*IDocs exchange messages

*IDocs are used like classical interface files

IDOC types are templates for specific message types depending on what is the business document, you want to exchange.

WE30 - you can create a IDOC type.

An IDOC with data, will have to be triggered by the application that is trying to send out the data.

FOr testing you can use WE19.

How to create idoc?

*WE30 - you can create a IDOC type

For more information in details on the same along with the examples can be viewed on:

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm#_Toc8400404

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a6620507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/presentation.html

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_search.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://www.erpgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

To Create Idoc we need to follow these steps:

Create Segment ( WE31)

Create Idoc Type ( WE30 )

Create Message Type ( WE81 )

Assign Idoc Type to Message Type ( WE82 )

Creating a Segment

Go to transaction code WE31

Enter the name for your segment type and click on the Create icon

Type the short text

Enter the variable names and data elements

Save it and go back

Go to Edit -> Set Release

Follow steps to create more number of segments

Create IDOC Type

Go to transaction code WE30

Enter the Object Name, select Basic type and click Create icon

Select the create new option and enter a description for your basic IDOC type and press enter

Select the IDOC Name and click Create icon

The system prompts us to enter a segment type and its attributes

Choose the appropriate values and press Enter

The system transfers the name of the segment type to the IDOC editor.

Follow these steps to add more number of segments to Parent or as Parent-child relation

Save it and go back

Go to Edit -> Set release

Create Message Type

Go to transaction code WE81

Change the details from Display mode to Change mode

After selection, the system will give this message “The table is cross-client (see Help for further info)”. Press Enter

Click New Entries to create new Message Type

Fill details

Save it and go back

Assign Message Type to IDoc Type

Go to transaction code WE82

Change the details from Display mode to Change mode

After selection, the system will give this message “The table is cross-client (see Help for further info)”. Press Enter.

Click New Entries to create new Message Type.

Fill details

Save it and go back

Check these out..

Check below link. It will give the step by step procedure for IDOC creation.

http://www.supinfo-projects.com/cn/2005/idocs_en/2/

ALE/ IDOC

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.docs

go trough these links.

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

An IDoc is simply a data container that is used to exchange information between any two processes that can understand the syntax and semantics of the data...

1.IDOCs are stored in the database. In the SAP system, IDOCs are stored in database tables.

2.IDOCs are independent of the sending and receiving systems.

3.IDOCs are independent of the direction of data exchange.

The two available process for IDOCs are

Outbound Process

Inbound Process

AND There are basically two types of IDOCs.

Basic IDOCs

Basic IDOC type defines the structure and format of the business document that is to be exchanged between two systems.

Extended IDOCs

Extending the functionality by adding more segments to existing Basic IDOCs.

To Create Idoc we need to follow these steps:

Create Segment ( WE31)

Create Idoc Type ( WE30)

Create Message Type ( WE81)

Assign Idoc Type to Message Type ( WE82)

imp links

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

www.sappoint.com

--here u can find the ppts and basic seetings for ALE

http://sappoint.com/presentation.html

www.sapgenie.com

http://www.sapgenie.com/ale/index.htm

WE30 - you can create a IDOC type.

An IDOC with data, will have to be triggered by the application that is trying to send out the data.

Try this..Hope this will help.

>>>> SAP ALE & IDOC<<<<

Steps to configuration(Basis) >>

1. Create Logical System (LS) for each applicable ALE-enabled client

2. Link client to Logical System on the respective servers

3. Create background user, to be used by ALE(with authorizaton for ALE postings)

4. Create RFC Destinations(SM59)

5. Ports in Idoc processing(WE21)

6. Generate partner profiles for sending system

The functional configuration(Tcode: SALE)

• Create a Customer Distribution Model (CDM);

• Add appropriate message types and filters to the CDM;

• Generate outbound partner profiles;

• Distribute the CDM to the receiving systems; and

• Generate inbound partner profiles on each of the clients.

Steps to customize a new IDoc >>>

1. Define IDoc Segment (WE31)

2. Convert Segments into an IDoc type (WE30)

3. Create a Message Type (WE81)

4. Create valid Combination of Message & IDoc type(WE82)

5. Define Processing Code(WE41 for OUT / WE42 for IN)

6. Define Partner Profile(WE20)

Important Transaction Codes:

SALE - IMG ALE Configuration root

WE20 - Manually maintain partner profiles

BD64 - Maintain customer distribution model

BD71 - Distribute customer distribution model

SM59 - Create RFC Destinations

BDM5 - Consistency check (Transaction scenarios)

BD82 - Generate Partner Profiles

BD61 - Activate Change Pointers - Globally

BD50 - Activate Change Pointer for Msg Type

BD52 - Activate change pointer per change.doc object

BD59 - Allocation object type -> IDOC type

BD56 - Maintain IDOC Segment Filters

BD53 - Reduction of Message Types

BD21 - Select Change Pointer

BD87 - Status Monitor for ALE Messages

BDM5 - Consistency check (Transaction scenarios)

BD62 - Define rules

BD79 - Maintain rules

BD55 - Defining settings for IDoc conversion

WEDI - ALE IDoc Administration

WE21 - Ports in Idoc processing

WE60 - IDoc documentation

SARA - IDoc archiving (Object type IDOC)

WE47 - IDoc status maintenance

WE07 - IDoc statistics

BALE - ALE Distribution Administration

WE05 - IDoc overview

BD87 - Inbound IDoc reprocessing

BD88 - Outbound IDoc reprocessing

BDM2 - IDoc Trace

BDM7 - IDoc Audit Analysis

BD21 - Create IDocs from change pointers

SM58 - Schedule RFC Failures

Basic config for Distributed data:

BD64: Maintain a Distributed Model

BD82: Generate Partner Profile

BD64: Distribute the distribution Model

Programs

RBDMIDOC – Creating IDoc Type from Change Pointers

RSEOUT00 – Process all selected IDocs (EDI)

RBDAPP01 - Inbound Processing of IDocs Ready for Transfer

RSARFCEX - Execute Calls Not Yet Executed

RBDMOIND - Status Conversion with Successful tRFC Execution

RBDMANIN - Start error handling for non-posted IDocs

RBDSTATE - Send Audit Confirmations

FOr testing you can use WE19.

8 REPLIES 8

former_member156446
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

I never worked on IDocs but as far as I know.. Idoc also uses FM to process the data called process code.

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi

Hope it will help you,.

Pls reward if help.

Data Creation in Idoc

IDocs are text encoded documents with a rigid structure that are used to exchange data between R/3 and a foreign system. Instead of calling a program in the destination system directly, the data is first packed into an IDoc and then sent to the receiving system, where it is analyzed and properly processed. Therefore an IDoc data exchange is always an

asynchronous process. The significant difference between simple RFC-calls and IDoc data exchange is the fact, that every action performed on IDocs are protocolled by R/3 and IDocs can be reprocessed if an error occurred in one of the message steps.

While IDocs have to be understood as a data exchange protocol, EDI and ALE are typical use cases for IDocs. R/3 uses IDocs for both EDI and ALE to deliver data to the receiving system. ALE is basically the scheduling mechanism that defines when and between which partners and what kind of data will be exchanged on a regular or event triggered basis. Such a set-up is called an ALE-scenario.

IDoc is a intermediate document to exchange data between two SAP Systems.

*IDocs are structured ASCII files (or a virtual equivalent).

*Electronic Interchange Document

*They are the file format used by SAP R/3 to exchange data with foreign systems.

*Data Is transmitted in ASCII format, i.e. human readable form

*IDocs exchange messages

*IDocs are used like classical interface files

IDOC types are templates for specific message types depending on what is the business document, you want to exchange.

WE30 - you can create a IDOC type.

An IDOC with data, will have to be triggered by the application that is trying to send out the data.

FOr testing you can use WE19.

How to create idoc?

*WE30 - you can create a IDOC type

For more information in details on the same along with the examples can be viewed on:

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm#_Toc8400404

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a6620507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/presentation.html

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_search.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://www.erpgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

To Create Idoc we need to follow these steps:

Create Segment ( WE31)

Create Idoc Type ( WE30 )

Create Message Type ( WE81 )

Assign Idoc Type to Message Type ( WE82 )

Creating a Segment

Go to transaction code WE31

Enter the name for your segment type and click on the Create icon

Type the short text

Enter the variable names and data elements

Save it and go back

Go to Edit -> Set Release

Follow steps to create more number of segments

Create IDOC Type

Go to transaction code WE30

Enter the Object Name, select Basic type and click Create icon

Select the create new option and enter a description for your basic IDOC type and press enter

Select the IDOC Name and click Create icon

The system prompts us to enter a segment type and its attributes

Choose the appropriate values and press Enter

The system transfers the name of the segment type to the IDOC editor.

Follow these steps to add more number of segments to Parent or as Parent-child relation

Save it and go back

Go to Edit -> Set release

Create Message Type

Go to transaction code WE81

Change the details from Display mode to Change mode

After selection, the system will give this message “The table is cross-client (see Help for further info)”. Press Enter

Click New Entries to create new Message Type

Fill details

Save it and go back

Assign Message Type to IDoc Type

Go to transaction code WE82

Change the details from Display mode to Change mode

After selection, the system will give this message “The table is cross-client (see Help for further info)”. Press Enter.

Click New Entries to create new Message Type.

Fill details

Save it and go back

Check these out..

Check below link. It will give the step by step procedure for IDOC creation.

http://www.supinfo-projects.com/cn/2005/idocs_en/2/

ALE/ IDOC

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.docs

go trough these links.

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sappoint.com/abap.html

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapgenie/docs/ale_scenario_development_procedure.doc

http://edocs.bea.com/elink/adapter/r3/userhtm/ale.htm#1008419

http://www.netweaverguru.com/EDI/HTML/IDocBook.htm

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/index.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/dc/6b835943d711d1893e0000e8323c4f/content.htm

An IDoc is simply a data container that is used to exchange information between any two processes that can understand the syntax and semantics of the data...

1.IDOCs are stored in the database. In the SAP system, IDOCs are stored in database tables.

2.IDOCs are independent of the sending and receiving systems.

3.IDOCs are independent of the direction of data exchange.

The two available process for IDOCs are

Outbound Process

Inbound Process

AND There are basically two types of IDOCs.

Basic IDOCs

Basic IDOC type defines the structure and format of the business document that is to be exchanged between two systems.

Extended IDOCs

Extending the functionality by adding more segments to existing Basic IDOCs.

To Create Idoc we need to follow these steps:

Create Segment ( WE31)

Create Idoc Type ( WE30)

Create Message Type ( WE81)

Assign Idoc Type to Message Type ( WE82)

imp links

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

www.sappoint.com

--here u can find the ppts and basic seetings for ALE

http://sappoint.com/presentation.html

www.sapgenie.com

http://www.sapgenie.com/ale/index.htm

WE30 - you can create a IDOC type.

An IDOC with data, will have to be triggered by the application that is trying to send out the data.

Try this..Hope this will help.

>>>> SAP ALE & IDOC<<<<

Steps to configuration(Basis) >>

1. Create Logical System (LS) for each applicable ALE-enabled client

2. Link client to Logical System on the respective servers

3. Create background user, to be used by ALE(with authorizaton for ALE postings)

4. Create RFC Destinations(SM59)

5. Ports in Idoc processing(WE21)

6. Generate partner profiles for sending system

The functional configuration(Tcode: SALE)

• Create a Customer Distribution Model (CDM);

• Add appropriate message types and filters to the CDM;

• Generate outbound partner profiles;

• Distribute the CDM to the receiving systems; and

• Generate inbound partner profiles on each of the clients.

Steps to customize a new IDoc >>>

1. Define IDoc Segment (WE31)

2. Convert Segments into an IDoc type (WE30)

3. Create a Message Type (WE81)

4. Create valid Combination of Message & IDoc type(WE82)

5. Define Processing Code(WE41 for OUT / WE42 for IN)

6. Define Partner Profile(WE20)

Important Transaction Codes:

SALE - IMG ALE Configuration root

WE20 - Manually maintain partner profiles

BD64 - Maintain customer distribution model

BD71 - Distribute customer distribution model

SM59 - Create RFC Destinations

BDM5 - Consistency check (Transaction scenarios)

BD82 - Generate Partner Profiles

BD61 - Activate Change Pointers - Globally

BD50 - Activate Change Pointer for Msg Type

BD52 - Activate change pointer per change.doc object

BD59 - Allocation object type -> IDOC type

BD56 - Maintain IDOC Segment Filters

BD53 - Reduction of Message Types

BD21 - Select Change Pointer

BD87 - Status Monitor for ALE Messages

BDM5 - Consistency check (Transaction scenarios)

BD62 - Define rules

BD79 - Maintain rules

BD55 - Defining settings for IDoc conversion

WEDI - ALE IDoc Administration

WE21 - Ports in Idoc processing

WE60 - IDoc documentation

SARA - IDoc archiving (Object type IDOC)

WE47 - IDoc status maintenance

WE07 - IDoc statistics

BALE - ALE Distribution Administration

WE05 - IDoc overview

BD87 - Inbound IDoc reprocessing

BD88 - Outbound IDoc reprocessing

BDM2 - IDoc Trace

BDM7 - IDoc Audit Analysis

BD21 - Create IDocs from change pointers

SM58 - Schedule RFC Failures

Basic config for Distributed data:

BD64: Maintain a Distributed Model

BD82: Generate Partner Profile

BD64: Distribute the distribution Model

Programs

RBDMIDOC – Creating IDoc Type from Change Pointers

RSEOUT00 – Process all selected IDocs (EDI)

RBDAPP01 - Inbound Processing of IDocs Ready for Transfer

RSARFCEX - Execute Calls Not Yet Executed

RBDMOIND - Status Conversion with Successful tRFC Execution

RBDMANIN - Start error handling for non-posted IDocs

RBDSTATE - Send Audit Confirmations

FOr testing you can use WE19.

soumya_jose3
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Hi,

Idocs are used for data exchange between SAP Systems or between SAP and Non-SAP systems.

Eg: You want to transfer Material master from one system (SYS A) to another system (SYS B). Then u can use idoc MATMAS(material master). In SYS A the idoc is transferred through a push program RBDSEMAT(tcod: BD10) and in the recieving system SYS B, this idoc is posted by a function module. These transfers are achieved through creating logical systems, RFC destinations b/w the systems and other things.

Regards,

Soumya.

0 Kudos

HI soumya

Please tell me what u mean by 2 system, u mean 2 PC or development server and production server.

PLease help.

0 Kudos

Hi,

two systems means it can two servers(two development servers or 1 development server and 1 production server.... anything) or two clients of the same server.

Usually we do is the transfer of idoc between two dev servers....test it....move the same to quality....test it in quality.....then move it to production...

Regards,

Soumya.

former_member404244
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Hi ,

idocs are used to transfer data from SAP TO SAP or from SAP TO NON-SAP...how this is useful is....I have to distribute my materials to 10 vendors...i can do this scenrio quite easily...once i set up cinfiguration in my system then at one time i can distribute them to 10 persons....this is simple way,than doing upload and download for 10 times for respective vendors...

also check the below links for idoc..

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale.pdf

http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ale2.pdf

http://www.sapgenie.com/sapedi/idoc_abap.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/0b/2a60bb507d11d18ee90000e8366fc2/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005/helpdata/en/78/217da751ce11d189570000e829fbbd/frameset.htm

http://www.allsaplinks.com/idoc_sample.html

Regards,

Nagaraj

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi,

IDOCS are basically used to transfer the data between two systems.

Please find the below explanation that would give you a brief idea of what an IDOC is.

Introduction to IDocs

The term IDoc stands for Intermediate document. It is simply a data container (like a text file) used to exchange information between any two systems, which can understand the structure and content of the data. An IDoc is created as a result of an outbound ALE or EDI process; an IDoc serves as input to create an application document. For example, an IDoc is created when an order is placed and this IDoc can be used to create a purchase order.

Idoc’s are stored in the database. Every IDoc has a unique number. They can be used for SAP to SAP and SAP to non-SAP communication as long as the participating processes can understand the structure and content of the data.

IDoc types are independent of the direction of data exchange. An inbound and an outbound process can use the same IDoc type. Eg. ORDERS01 IDoc is used by the purchasing module to send a purchase order and it is also used by the Sales and Distribution module to accept a sales order.

IDoc’s can be viewed in a text editor since the data is stored in character format.

Structure of an IDoc.

An IDoc structure consists of several segments. A segment consists of several data fields. The IDoc structure defines the syntax of the data by specifying a list of permitted segments, the arrangement of the segments, mandatory versus optional segments. Segments define a set of fields and their formats.

An IDoc is an instance of an IDoc type and consists of three types of records.

• One control record. Each IDoc has only one control record. The control record contains all the control information about an IDoc, including –

o IDoc number,

o the sender and recipient information,

o information such as message type it represents,

o IDoc type,

o present status.

The control record structure is the same for all IDoc types. The SAP defined structure is EDIDC and can be viewed using transaction SE11.

• One or many data records. An IDoc can have multiple data records, as defined by the IDoc structure. Segments translate into data records. Data records store the application data, such as purchase order header information and purchase order detail lines. The structure of a data record is defined in EDI_DD40 and the data records are found in EDID4.

• One or many status records. Multiple status records are usually attached to an IDoc. Status records are attached to an IDoc throughout the process, as the IDoc goes through different stages. A status code, date and time are assigned at every stage. Transaction WE47 will give you a list of status codes and their definitions. Codes 01 through 49 are used for outbound IDocs and 50 onwards for inbound. The status records are stored in EDIDS table.

Multiple messages per IDoc type.

A message represents a specific type of document transmitted between two partners. Orders, order response, customer master are examples of messages. An IDoc type can be used to represent several message types (of course, the messages must be logically related). For example, the orders IDoc type (ORDERS05) is used for several messages, including orders (ORDERS), order response (ORDRSP), and order change (ORDCHG).

Regards,

Farheen

Former Member
0 Kudos

hi,

What Is EDI?

EDI is the electronic exchange of business documents between the computer systems of business partners, using a standard format over a communication network. EDI is also called paperless exchange.

This definition very nicely sums up the whole process in a few words, but the actual implementation of an effective EDI system requires considerable effort and support.

EDI-enabled applications in SAP are capable of generating IDoc (Intermediate Document) data from an SAP document or reading IDoc data and creating application documents. The application must understand the syntax and semantics of the data in the IDoc format. In the case of outbound processes, a separate selection program reads application data and creates an IDoc, Similarly, for inbound processes, a posting program reads IDoc data to create an application document.

IDocs Explained

An IDoc is a container that can be used to exchange data between any two processes. The document represented in an IDoc is independent of the complex structure used in SAP to store application data. This feature enables SAP to rearrange its internal structure without affecting the existing interfaces.

The word IDoc is used very loosely in the IDoc interface. An IDoc represents an IDoc type and IDoc data, depending on the context in which the word IDoc is used. An IDoc type defines the structure and format of the data being exchanged. For example, the IDoc type INVOIC01 defines the format of an invoice document. IDoc data can be seen as an instance of an IDoc type. For example, an actual invoice received from a vendor in electronic form is converted into an IDoc.

IDoc Types

IDocs types are based on EDI standards (ANSI X12 and EDIFACT). They are closer to the EDIFACT standards than to ANSI X12. The size and format of data elements in an IDoc type are derived from these standards wherever applicable. The IDoc format is compatible with most EDI standards.

An IDoc structure consists of several segments, and segments consist of several data fields. The IDoc structure defines the syntax of the data by specifying a list of permitted segments, the arrangement of the segments, and optional versus mandatory segments. Segments define a set of fields and their formats.

An IDoc is an instance of an IDoc type. Each IDoc is assigned a unique number for tracking and future reference. An IDoc serves as a focal object for tracking the state of the process that generated it. An IDoc consists of the following three types of records

One control record

One or many data records

One or many status records

Control record. There is only one control record per IDoc. The control record contains all the control information about an IDoc, including the IDoc number, sender and receiver information, and other control information such as the message type it represents and IDoc type. The structure of the control record is the same for all IDocs and is defined by SAP. The field values, of course, can be different.

Data record. An IDoc can contain multiple data records, as defined by the IDoc structure. Segments translate into data records. Data records store application data such as purchase order header information, purchase order details lines, and other relevant information.

Status record. Multiple status records are usually attached to an IDoc. Status records are attached to an IDoc throughout the process as the IDoc achieves different milestones. A status code, date, and time are assigned at every milestone.

In the outbound process, after the IDoc is passed from SAP to the subsystem, the status records are generated by the subsystem and passed back to SAP. For the inbound process, SAP generates the status records because after an IDoc is generated, it stays in the system. Status records help you determine the status of the process and whether an IDoc is in error.

SAP provides tools to view the IDoc structure and IDoc data.

Hope this is helpful, Do reward.

Edited by: Runal Singh on Feb 8, 2008 1:03 PM