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I want to create a function module but

Former Member
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I have diffuculty in understanding the import and export parameters as well as tables segment of function modules.

An easy way to create and use function module is what???

I should pay attention mostly on what?

Thanks in advance.

Deniz

7 REPLIES 7

Former Member
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Hi

Function Modules;

Check this matter.

Function Modules are Global ABAP programs created by SAP for reusable purpose.they have IMPORT,EXPORT and TABLE parameters, and EXCEPTIONS to through when error occurs.

You can create them from TCode SE37.

Go through the following doc:

Function modules are cross-program, reusable procedures that are organized into function groups, and whose functions are implemented between the statements FUNCTION and ENDFUNCTION. Function modules and their interfaces are created in the Function Builder.

Function Module Interfaces

The parameter interface of a function module is defined in the Function Builder. It includes the definition of interface parameters and the specification of exceptions that can be triggered by a function module. The Function Builder automatically generates comment lines below the FUNCTION statement in the source code of the function module, which represent the interface of the function module with the following syntax:

Syntax

... [IMPORTING parameters]

[EXPORTING parameters]

[CHANGING parameters]

[TABLES table_parameters]

[{RAISING|EXCEPTIONS} exc1 exc2 ...]

The syntax and semantics of IMPORTING, EXPORTING, CHANGING, RAISING, and EXCEPTIONS mainly correspond to the definition of method interfaces with [CLASS-]METHODS. The additional option of defining table parameters using TABLES is obsolete.

Interface parameters

The interface parameters are defined on the relevant tab pages in the Function Builder.

IMPORTING parameters are input parameters. When the function module is called, a suitable actual parameter must be specified for every non-optional input parameter. The content of the actual parameter is passed to the input parameter when the call is made. The content of an input parameter for which 'pass by reference' is defined cannot be changed in the function module.

EXPORTING parameters are output parameters. When the function module is called, a suitable actual parameter can be specified for every output parameter. The content of an output parameter that is defined for 'pass by value' is transferred to the actual parameter if the function module is completed without errors. An output parameter that is defined for pass by reference is not initialized when the function module is called.

CHANGING parameters are input and output parameters. When the function module is called, a suitable actual parameter must be specified for every non-optional input or output parameter. When the function module is called, the content of the actual parameter is passed to the input/output parameter, and when the function module is completed, the content of the input/output parameter is passed to the actual parameter.

TABLES parameters are table parameters. Table parameters are obsolete CHANGING parameters that are typed as standard tables with a header line. If an internal table without a header line or a table body is passed as an actual parameter to a formal parameter of this type, an empty local header line is generated in the function module. If an internal table with a header line is used as an actual parameter, both the table body and the header line are passed to the function module. Pass by value is not possible in formal parameters defined using TABLES. Formal parameters defined with TABLES can be replaced by formal parameters defined with CHANGING. A local work area can be created for the internal table in the function module by using the addition LIKE LINE OF itab of the DATA statement.

Exceptions

The exception of a function module are defined on the Exceptions tab page in the Function Builder. Here you can select exception classes to define whether class-based exceptions are declared or non-class-based exception are defined. Class-based exceptions are represented in the above syntax by RAISING, and non-class-based exceptions are represented by EXCEPTIONS.

The addition RAISING is used to declare class-based exceptions that can be propagated from the function module to the caller. Exceptions in the categories CX_STATIC_CHECK and CX_DYNAMIC_CHECK must be explicitly declared, otherwise a propagation can lead to an interface violation. A violation of the interface leads to the treatable exception CX_SY_NO_HANDLER. Exceptions of the category CX_NO_CHECK are implicitly always declared. The declaration of exceptions of the category CX_STATIC_CHECK is statically checked in the syntax check. For exceptions of the category CX_DYNAMIC_CHECK, the check is not performed until runtime. In a function module in which class-based exceptions are declared with the RAISING addition, the statement CATCH SYSTEM-EXCEPTIONS cannot be used. Instead, the relevant treatable exceptions should be handled in a TRY control structure.

The addition EXCEPTIONS is used to define a list of non-class-based exceptions that can be triggered in the function module using the statements RAISE or MESSAGE RAISING. Exceptions defined in this way - as with formal parameters - are bound to the function module and cannot be propagated. If an exception of this type is triggered in a function module, and no return value has been assigned to it with the homonymous addition EXCEPTIONS of the CALL FUNCTION statement when the call was made, this leads to a runtime error.

Note

For new developments after release 6.10, SAP recommends that you work with class-based exceptions that are independent of the function module.

RFC is a technology which is used to access a functions (Modules) from

the remote systems.

If a function module is set as remote enabled which can be access from

the remote system via RFC.Eg: U can access the Remote enabled function modules in ur VB,Webdynpro,Java,Visual composer program.

A function module can be set as remote enabled by SE37->Go to ur FM->click the option Button "remote enabled".

But Normal function modules can not accessd from the remote system.

Good Example for RFC enabled function module is : BAPI(Business Application Programming Interface)

Note: All BAPIs are Remote enabled but not all remote enabled function modules are BAPI.

CALLING A FUNCTION MODULE:

1)In U ABAP Editor --> Click "Patter" ---> Selection Option Button "Call Function"

--> Write the Corresponding FM name --> Hit Enter

2)The appropriate import ,export Parameters will be displayed in ur editor

3)Pass the Values Here.

Also check these links.

http://www.geocities.com/victorav15/sapr3/abapfun.html

Check this link:

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/9f/db988735c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/ef/d94b78ebf811d295b100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/43/41341147041806e10000000a1553f6/frameset.htm

Check this link:

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/9f/db988735c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/ef/d94b78ebf811d295b100a0c94260a5/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/43/41341147041806e10000000a1553f6/frameset.htm

See the following links:

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/9f/db970e35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/9f/db970e35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/9f/db970e35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/9f/db970e35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_erp2005vp/helpdata/en/9f/db970e35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/26/64f623fa8911d386e70000e82011b8/content.htm

Reward points if useful

Regards

Anji

Former Member
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An Import parameter is what you pass to the function module for processing.

And Export parameter is what the function passes back to the program, after processing.

The tables parameter is used if you need to pass an internal table, instead of single fields or a structure (via importing/exporting params).

See the SAP Help document on the Function Builder for further help:

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/d1/801e9a454211d189710000e8322d00/frameset.htm

Sudha

Former Member
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hi,

please use this link below for learning Function module Creation , why function group is required , what is imprt , erport , tables , exception , it was given clearly .

<u>com/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/9f/db988735c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm</u>

girish

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<a href="http://help.sapcom/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/9f/db988735c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm">http://help.sapcom/saphelp_erp2004/helpdata/en/9f/db988735c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm</a>

Former Member
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Hi,

check this thread

<b>reward if helpful.</b>

rgds,

bharat.

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hi Deniz,

while creating FM , concentrate on import,export and tables parametrs.

Import parameters: import parameters will pass the data from program to FM.

with the data in import parametrs, u can perform some logic inside the FM and return the values to Export parametrs/tables.

Export : will have the result of FM ,

Tables: thru tables we may(or may not pass any record) pass more than 1 record to FM (i.e like an internal table) and the fM will perform some logic with these values and it may return the value to Export Parameters(if always single value is returned) or to the same tables Prameter(if thers is a possibility of morethan 1 value ).

Changing parameter will do the functionality of import as well as export .

i mean simialr to tables parameter..

Revert back if any issues.

Reward with points if helpful.

Regards,

Naveen

Former Member
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hi there

to create a function module first you need to create a function group

step1 : goto t.code se37

step2 :select GOTO (in menu bar) then function group and then create function

group.

step3: now create the function module and when ask for function group give the

name of the func group which you have created .

step4:now give the import and the export parameter and there associated type.

step5 give the source cod eaccording to the reqiurement

step6: save activate and exicute

hope this might help help

any more help plz let me know may be i can help you to solve the same