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hi all F4 in alv grid with restricted value -- no solution from forum

Former Member
0 Kudos

hi all

i have developed report using alv grid using FM (important).

i have a field xyz which is input/output enabled in alv grid output. this field is attached with f4 help.

my requirement is to get or read the row in alv grid when user press f4 on that field so that restricted value should come in f4 help i.e. i have to read current line when user presses f4 i.e. the single line data in alv grid.

so how to get or read the current row when user press f4 i.e user will choose any row in alv grid and this output is on alv grid and there are multiple records.

or in other word is it possible to read current row in alv grid when user presses F4, if yes how???.

i hope u understood the query.

1 REPLY 1

Former Member
0 Kudos

Hai,

Check the code it may help u.

For F4 Values on Screen:

PROCESS ON VALUE_REQUEST

using module call starting with FIELD i.e FIELD field MODULE module

There are number of function modules that can be used for the purpose, but these

can fullfill the task easily or combination of them.

DYNP_VALUE_READ

F4IF_FIELD_VALUE_REQUEST

F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST

POPUP_WITH_TABLE_DISPLAY

DYNP_VALUE_READ

This function module is used to read values in the screen fields. Use of this

FM causes forced transfer of data from screen fields to ABAP fields.

There are 3 exporting parameters

DYNAME = program name = SY-CPROG

DYNUMB = Screen number = SY-DYNNR

TRANSLATE_TO_UPPER = 'X'

and one importing TABLE parameter

DYNPFIELDS = Table of TYPE DYNPREAD

The DYNPFIELDS parameter is used to pass internal table of type DYNPREAD

to this FM and the values read from the screen will be stored in this table.This

table consists of two fields:

FIELDNAME : Used to pass the name of screen field for which the value is to

be read.

FIELDVALUE : Used to read the value of the field in the screen.

e.g.

DATA: SCREEN_VALUES TYPE TABLE OF DYNPREAD ,

SCREEN_VALUE LIKE LINE OF SCREEN_VALUES.

SCREEN_VALUE-FIELDNAME = 'KUNNR' . * Field to be read

APPEND SCREEN_VALUE TO SCREEN_VALUES. * Fill the table

CALL FUNCTION 'DYNP_VALUES_READ'

EXPORTING

DYNAME = SY-CPROG

DYNUMB = SY-DYNNR

TRANSLATE_TO_UPPER = 'X'

TABLES

DYNPFIELDS = SCREEN_VALUES.

READ TABLE SCREEN_VALUES INDEX 1 INTO SCREEN_VALUE.Now the screen value for field KUNNR is in the SCREEN_VALUE-FIELDVALUE and can be used for further processing like using it to fill the internal table to be used as parameter in F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST ETC.

F4IF_FIELD_VALUE_REQUEST

This FM is used to display value help or input from ABAP dictionary.We have to pass the name of the structure or table(TABNAME) along with the field name(FIELDNAME) . The selection can be returned to the specified screen field if three

parameters DYNPNR,DYNPPROG,DYNPROFIELD are also specified or to a table if RETRN_TAB is specified.

CALL FUNCTION 'F4IF_FIELD_VALUE_REQUEST'

EXPORTING

TABNAME = table/structure

FIELDNAME = 'field name'

DYNPPROG = SY-CPROG

DYNPNR = SY-DYNR

DYNPROFIELD = 'screen field'

IMPORTING

RETURN_TAB = table of type DYNPREAD

.

F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST

This FM is used to dsiplay values stored in an internal table as input

help.This FM is used to program our own custom help if no such input help

exists in ABAP dictionary for a particular field. The parameter VALUE_TAB is used to pass the internal table containing input values.The parameter RETFIELD

is used to specify the internal table field whose value will be returned to the screen field or RETURN_TAB.

If DYNPNR,DYNPPROG and DYNPROFIELD are specified than the user selection is passed to the screen field specified in the DYNPROFIELD. If RETURN_TAB is specified the selectionis returned in a table.

CALL FUNCTION 'F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST'

EXPORTING

RETFIELD = field from int table whose value will be returned

DYNPPROG = SY-CPROG

DYNPNR = SY-DYNNR

DYNPROFIELD = 'screen field'

VALUE_ORG = 'S'

TABLES

VALUE_TAB = internal table whose values will be shown.

RETURN_TAB = internal table of type DDSHRETVAL

EXCEPTIONS

parameter_error = 1

no_values_found = 2

others = 3.

POPUP_WITH_TABLE_DISPLAY

This FM is used to display the contents of an internal table in a popup window.The user can select a row and the index of that is returned in the CHOISE

parameter.The VALUETAB is used to pass the internal table.

A suitable title can be set using TITLETEXT parameter. The starting and end position of the popup can be specified by the parameters STARTPOS_COL / ROW and ENDPOS_ROW / COL .

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_WITH_TABLE_DISPLAY'

EXPORTING

ENDPOS_COL =

ENDPOS_ROW =

STARTPOS_COL =

STARTPOS_ROW =

TITLETEXT = 'title text'

IMPORTING

CHOISE =

TABLES

VALUETAB =

EXCEPTIONS

BREAK_OFF = 1

OTHERS = 2.

e.g.

DATA: w_choice TYPE SY-TABIX.

DATA: BEGIN OF i_values OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,

values TYPE I,

END OF i_values.

PARAMETRS : id TYPE I.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR id

i_values-values = '0001'.

APPEND i_values.

i_values-values = '0002'.

APPEND i_values.

i_values-values = '0003'.

APPEND i_values.

i_values-values = '0004'.

APPEND i_values.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_WITH_TABLE_DISPLAY'

EXPORTING

ENDPOS_COL = 40

ENDPOS_ROW = 12

STARTPOS_COL = 20

STARTPOS_ROW = 5

TITLETEXT = 'Select an ID'

IMPORTING

CHOISE = w_choice

TABLES

VALUETAB = i_values

EXCEPTIONS

BREAK_OFF = 1

OTHERS = 2.

CHECK w_choice > 0.

READ TABLE i_values INDEX w_choice....now we can process the selection as it is contained

...in the structure i_values.

Other FM that may be used to provide input help is HELP_START .

check this also.

See the following ex:

TYPES: BEGIN OF TY_MBLNR,

MBLNR LIKE MKPF-MBLNR,

END OF TY_MBLNR.

DATA: IT_MBLNR TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF TY_MBLNR WITH HEADER LINE.

data: it_ret like ddshretval occurs 0 with header line.

At selection-screen on value-request for s_mat-low.

Select MBLNR from mkpf into table it_mblnr.

CALL FUNCTION 'F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST'

EXPORTING

  • DDIC_STRUCTURE = ' '

RETFIELD = 'MBLNR'

  • PVALKEY = ' '

  • DYNPPROG = ' '

  • DYNPNR = ' '

  • DYNPROFIELD = ' '

  • STEPL = 0

  • WINDOW_TITLE =

  • VALUE = ' '

VALUE_ORG = 'S'

  • MULTIPLE_CHOICE = ' '

  • DISPLAY = ' '

  • CALLBACK_PROGRAM = ' '

  • CALLBACK_FORM = ' '

  • MARK_TAB =

  • IMPORTING

  • USER_RESET =

TABLES

VALUE_TAB = IT_MBLNR

  • FIELD_TAB =

RETURN_TAB = IT_RET

  • DYNPFLD_MAPPING =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • PARAMETER_ERROR = 1

  • NO_VALUES_FOUND = 2

  • OTHERS = 3

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

IF SY-SUBRC = 0.

read table it_ret index 1.

move it_ret-fieldval to S_mat-low.

ENDIF.

Go through the test program.

REPORT Ztest_HELP .

TABLES : MARA.

SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF BLOCK B1 WITH FRAME TITLE TEXT-001.

PARAMETERS : P_MATNR(10) TYPE C.

SELECTION-SCREEN END OF BLOCK B1.

DATA : BEGIN OF ITAB OCCURS 0,

MATNR TYPE MATNR,

END OF ITAB.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR P_MATNR.

SELECT MATNR

FROM MARA

INTO TABLE ITAB

UP TO 10 ROWS.

CALL FUNCTION 'F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST'

EXPORTING

RETFIELD = 'MATERIAL NUMBER'

DYNPPROG = SY-REPID

DYNPNR = SY-DYNNR

DYNPROFIELD = 'P_MATNR'

VALUE_ORG = 'S'

TABLES

VALUE_TAB = ITAB

EXCEPTIONS

PARAMETER_ERROR = 1

NO_VALUES_FOUND = 2

OTHERS = 3.

regards.

sowjanya.b.