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Difference between userexit and customerexit

Former Member
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Hello abapgurus ,

Could u plz let me know diff b/w CUSTOMER EXIT and USER EXIT???

<b>reply will be greatly appreciated...</b>

Regards

Kiran

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

former_member187255
Active Contributor
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Check this...

<a href="http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm">http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm</a>

5 REPLIES 5

former_member187255
Active Contributor
0 Kudos

Check this...

<a href="http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm">http://www.sap-img.com/abap/what-is-user-exits.htm</a>

0 Kudos

Hi,

USER EXIT is an include supplied by SAP and promised by SAP that it will not be touched in any upgrade.

So you can put in your code in the routine's that are included in this INCLUDE.

These routines will start with "user_exit".

WHERE as CUSTOMER EXIT are enhancement options that SAP provides, LIKE Function module exits, Menu exits, Screen exits and also exits like field exits.

They are a way of providing your own enhacmeents to Screns and menus and FMs,

this wasn ot possible with user exits. You cannot enhance screens and menus using user exits.

Regards,

Sesh

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HI Sesh,

it's ok but i want more differences.

like how we find, access keys.

0 Kudos

Hi,

Check these threads and the details below.

Checkout this links..,

________________________________________________________________

Also follow steps

1)Goto se38

2)Give "ZUSEREXIT" AND RUN IT

3)u WILL GET ALL EXIT NAMES RELATED TO THAT TRANSACTION

THERE ARE MANY DIFF WAYS TO FIND USER /CUSTOMER EXITS THIS IS ONE OF THEM

____________________________________________________________________

A point in an SAP program where a customer's own program can be called.

In contrast to customer exits, user exits allow developers to access and modify program components and data objects in the standard SAP System. On upgrade, each user exit must be checked to ensure that it conforms to the standard system.

There are the following types of user exit:

User exits that use INCLUDEs -

These are customer enhancements that are called directly in the program.

User exits that use tables -

These are used and managed using Customizing.

Customer Exit

-

-


SAP creates customer exits for specific programs, screens, and menus within standard applications. These exits do not contain any functionality. Instead, the customer exits act as hooks. You can hang your own add-on functionality onto these hooks.

If you want to enhance the functionality of your SAP System, you should take advantage of the exits available in standard applications. There are two main reasons why you should use exits rather than modifying SAP software yourself. Add-ons attached to exits have the advantage that:

· They do not affect standard SAP source code

When you add new functionality to your SAP System using SAP’s exits, you do not alter the source code of standard SAP programs in any way. The code and screens you create are encapsulated as separate objects. These customer objects are linked to standard applications, but exist separately from SAP’s standard software package.

· They do not affect software updates

When you add new functionality to your SAP System using SAP’s exits, your objects (called customer objects) must adhere to strict naming conventions. When it comes time to upgrade a to a new software release, customer objects’ names ensure that they will not be affected by any changes or new additions to the standard software package.

Customer exits are not available for all programs and screens found in the SAP System. You can only use customer exits if they already exist in the SAP System. You find find more information about locating applications with pre-defined exits in Locating Applications that have Exits

User Exits:

-

-


User exits allow you to add additional functions to the SAP standard.

Programs with user exits contain subroutine calls at certain points in their syntax that are identified by the prefix USEREXIT. The actual user exits are located in an include that has been assigned to a module pool. This is where customers can include any changes (enhancements) that they want to make to the system. These includes are always processed during program flow.

Advantage: In principle, customers can modify anything they want that is found in the include (tables, structures, and so forth).

Disadvantage: SAP cannot check the individual enhancements themselves which often leads to errors in the enhancement process.

____________________________________________________________________

1.what is the fifference between User-exit and customer exit.?

2. Previously there were only user-exits.

3. Then came the concept of customer-exits.

4.user exits were nothing but

subroutines

FORM/PERFORM

called from standard programs.

5. The FORM defintion was placed inside

an empty include file.

6. So It was called EVERYTIME.

and we need to MODIFY/REPAIR the

standard include .

7. Then it came with concept of customer-exit

8. It consists of calling a FUNCTION MODULE,

which is called only if

the user-exit is ACTIVATED (other wise not called)

In this case, the code in put inside

a pre-defined Z include.

*----

-


9. Functionality of both is same, howerver

we can note the following important differences

a) Customer exit is called only if activated.

(hence, it does not waste resources)

b) in customer exit, REPAIR does not happen

to the standard include.

2) how to define of them.?

They are already defined in the system.

We have to activate them and write our code.

3) If a requriment comes in real time which exit we hav to use ,,, User-exit 0r customer exit.. plzz clarify.

Usually customer exits are there.

But in Case of SD module, especially Sales order,

there will be user-exit includes

_________________________________________________________________

There isn't much difference between the two. CMOD user exits allow greater control, and have a manageable, trackable framework, it's easy to see what's in use and what isn't.

As we users have no control over which type of exit SAP decided to put in, and where, we just have to use whatever meets our needs.

A customer exit is a type of user exit. A user exit is a handle that SAP put into their code, allowing a customer to add their own routines. There are many types of user exit, and often they differ between modules.

CMOD is the Project Management of SAP Enhancements (i.e., SMOD Enhancements). SMOD contains the actual enhancements and CMOD is the grouping of those SMOD enhancements.

___________________________________________________________________

Go through this document

User Exits

Screen exits are exits that allow you to use a reserved part of the screen (A subscreen) to display or input data.

It is determined be SAP where the sub screen will be displayed.

The syntax is: CALL CUSTOMER-SUBSCREEN

The screen exit is not processed untill the corresponding subscreen has been created in an enhancement project,

and the project has been activated.

Note:

Function codes are only processed in the main screens flow logic

You are not allowed to enter a name for the subscreens command field

You are not allowed to define GUI stauses

You are not allowed to enter a value for Next screen

The global data of the program is not available for the subscreen. Data for the subscreen is provided by function modules.

These function modules belongs to the same function group as the subscreen Subscreens are edited with transaction CMOD.

When you activate a project containg subscreens, the calling screen is regenerated and the subscreen is displayed next

time you display the calling screen

The developer must create the subscreen and the corresponding PBO and PAI modules

How to identify screen exits

Look after CALL CUSTOMER-SUBSCREEN in the screenprogram of the screen you want to modify.

Use transaction CMOD menu Utillities -> SAP enhancements to search for screen exits

MENU EXITS

Menu exits allow you to add your own functionallity to menus. Menu exits are implemented by SAP, and are reserved menu

entries in the GUI interface. The developer can add his/her own text and logic for the menu.

Function codes for menu exits all start with "+"

Example

We want to create a new menu item in the Office menu. The text for the menu should be "Run ZTEST", and the menu will

run report ZTEST.

Goto transaction SE43 Area Menu Maintenance

In Area Menu Paramenter type 'S000' (S triple Zero)

Select Change and ignore all the warning screens

Expand the office menu. In the buttom of the office tree you will find a menu named "Customer function"

Double click on the text. In the pop-up screen change the text to "Run ZTEST". Note that the trsnaction code is +C01

Goto transaction SE93 and create transaction +C01 that calls report ZTEST.

Now you will se the menu displayed in the office tree. If you delete transaction +C01 again, the new menu will dissapear.

USER EXITS

User exits (Function module exits) are exits developed by SAP. The exit is implementerd as a call to a functionmodule.

The code for the function module is writeen by the developer. You are not writing the code directly in the function module,

but in the include that is implemented in the function module.

The naming standard of function modules for functionmodule exits is: EXIT_

Example:

The program for transaction VA01 Create salesorder is SAPMV45A

If you search for CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION i program SAPMV45A you will find ( Among other user exits):

CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION '003'

exporting

xvbak = vbak

xvbuk = vbuk

xkomk = tkomk

importing

lvf_subrc = lvf_subrc

tables

xvbfa = xvbfa

xvbap = xvbap

xvbup = xvbup.

The exit calls function module EXIT_SAPMV45A_003

Regards,

Sesh

0 Kudos

hi,

User exit - A user exit is a three character code that instructs the system to access a program during system processing.

SXX: S is for standard exits that are delivered by SAP. XX represents the 2-digit exit number.

UXX: U is for user exits that are defined by the user. XX represents the 2-digit exit number

Customer exit - The R/3 enhancement concept allows you to add your own functionality to SAP’s standard business applications without having to modify the original applications. SAP creates customer exits for specific programs, screens, and menus within standard R/3 applications. These exits do not contain any functionality. Instead, the customer exits act as hooks. You can hang your own add-on functionality onto these hooks.

The program for transaction VA01 Create salesorder is SAPMV45A

If you search for CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION i program

SAPMV45A you will find ( Among other user exits):

CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION '003'

exporting

xvbak = vbak

xvbuk = vbuk

xkomk = tkomk

importing

lvf_subrc = lvf_subrc

tables

xvbfa = xvbfa

xvbap = xvbap

xvbup = xvbup.

The exit calls function module EXIT_SAPMV45A_003

Development

Creating a Project to include the enhancement

1. Go to transaction CMOD and create a project.

2. Enter a description for the project. Then, click on the pushbutton ‘Enhancement Assignments’ in the Application Toolbar.

3. Enter the name of the enhancement and Save.

4. Go to ‘Components’.

Creating Custom Include for ANLU

The screen shown below will appear, showing all the enhancement components under the assignment AIST0002. Double-click on the name of the Include Structure to create it.

Create the include structure with three new fields, as required. Then, save and activate it.

Develop the subscreen and the program

Go to transaction SE80. For the function group XAIS, create a new subscreen 9000.

Create it as subscreen.

Then, go to the Layout of the screen and create three new fields from Database table ANLU.

Drag the fields in the screen body and place them.

Then, save and activate the screen and come back to screen flow editor.

Create the PAI module to add validation for field “Location 2”, as required .

Activate the whole function group and come out.

Write code in the Function Exits to synchronize the programs

Now, code has to be written in the function modules EXIT_SAPLAIST_002 and EXIT_SAPLAIST_003 so that data flows to and fro between the main SAP program and custom subscreen program. For that, go back to transaction CMOD and change the function exits.

Write code in the function module EXIT_SAPLAIST_002 called once at the beginning of the transaction:

Write code in EXIT_SAPLAIST_003 to pass the data from the subscreen to SAP main program.

Then, activate everything – the whole project and come out.

Complete the configuration to link the subscreen

The development portion is complete. Now, linking of the subscreen has to be done with the subscreen area of the main program. In most of the cases, this linking can be done in the enhancement itself. But, here, requirement is a bit different. It is done by configuration using SPRO.

Assets are created under Asset class. And for each asset class, there is a layout assigned to it. For a layout, there are multiple tab pages assigned to it. And, for each tab page, there are multiple screen groups/field groups assigned.

Here, the requirement is to create these three custom fields in the tab page ‘General’ of asset master screen ( AS01/AS02/AS03/AS91).

Determine the Layout

To achieve this, first of all, we need to find out which layout is assigned to asset class 1000.For that, go to transaction AOLK( information has to be obtained from functional consultant).Select the Asset Class ‘1000’ and click on folder ‘General Assignment of Layout’.

Here, for Asset class 1000, for all the user groups, tab layout SAP is assigned. Since layout ‘SAP’ cannot be changed, it has to be copied and manipulated to include our screen group. Later, the new layout has to be assigned over here.

Create new tab layout

Go to transaction AOLA. Copy the tab layout ‘SAP’ to create another layout, say, YSUB.

System will copy all the settings and will inform you about that.

Select your newly created layout and double-click on the folder ‘Tab page titles’.

You want to put your custom fields in the tab page “General”. So, select this tab page entry and double-click on the folder "Position of Groups".

Here, all the field groups currently residing in the tab-page “General” are shown. Add an entry for your newly created fields.

Select the group box from the list. An entry will come with “U” padded with the custom subscreen prepared by you.

Then, save and come out.

Assign the new Layout to Asset Class

Now, go to tcode AOLK and assign tab layout YSUB for asset class 1000.

Save and come out.

Test the Exit

Everything is over. Now, go to transaction code AS01/02/03 or AS91 to deal with an asset of asset class 1000. You will see your new fields added to the screen. Add values to them…save. Then, enter into the tcodes again to see whether the values entered by you are being displayed or not.

REfer

<b>Reward points</b>

regards