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alv single cell coloring

Former Member
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how to color a single cell in alv griddisplay.....


Developer Advocate
Developer Advocate
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See the program in this thread to see how.


Rich Heilman

Former Member
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1. add one more field to ur final internal table say COLOR(4)

2. in layout wa_layout-style_fname = 'COLOR'. " if its grid

wa_layout-style_fieldname = 'COLOR'. "if its list

3. read table itab index 3.

itab-color = 'C410'.

modify itab index 3

4. see program SHOWCOLO for all color codes

1. Add a field of data type CHAR(3) to the internal output table.

2. Enter the color code in the appropriate field of the row to be colored in the internal

output table:

Code: 'Cxy'

C = Color (all codes begin with 'C')

x = color number ('1' - '9')

y = highlight ('0' = off, '1' = on)

3. Assign the internal output table color code field name to the IS_LAYOUT importing

structure IS_LAYOUT-INFO_FIELDNAME field and pass this structure in the ALV call


To enable row coloring, you should add an additional field to your list data table. It should be of character type and length at least 4. This field will contain the color code for the row. So, let’s modify declaration of our list data table “gt_list”.

you should fill the color code to this field. Its format will be the same as explained before at section C.6.3. But how will ALV Grid know that you have loaded the color data for the row to this field. So, you make it know this by passing the name of the field containing color codes to the field “INFO_FNAME” of the layout structure.


ps_layout-info_fname = <field_name_containing_color_codes>. “e.g. ‘ROWCOLOR’

You can fill that field anytime during execution. But, of course, due to the flow logic of screens, it will be reflected to your list display as soon as an ALV refresh occurs.

You can color an entire row as described in the next section. However, this method is less time consuming.

Coloring Individual Cells

This is the last point about coloring procedures for the ALV Grid. The procedure is similar to coloring an entire row. However, since an individual cell can be addressed with two parameters we will need something more. What is meant by “more” is a table type structure to be included into the structure of the list data table. It seems strange, because including it will make our list data structure deep. But anyhow ALV Grid control handles this.

The structure that should be included must be of type “LVC_T_SCOL”. If you want to color the entire row, this inner table should contain only one row with field “fname” is set to space, some color value at field “col”, “0” or “1” at fields “int” (intensified) and “inv” (inverse).

If you want to color individual cells, then for each cell column, append a line to this inner table which also contains the column name at field “fname”. It is obvious that you can color an entire column by filling this inner table with a row for that column for each row in the list data table.

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Former Member
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Please try with the below code it was working for single column ...

*& Report  ZDEMO_ALVGRID                                               *
*&                                                                     *
*&                                                                     *
*& Example of a simple ALV Grid Report                                 *
*& ...................................                                 *
*&                                                                     *
*& The basic ALV grid, Enhanced to display each row in a different     *
*& colour                                                              *

REPORT  zdemo_alvgrid                 .

TABLES:     ekko.

type-pools: slis.                                 "ALV Declarations
*Data Declaration
  ebeln TYPE ekpo-ebeln,
  ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,
  statu TYPE ekpo-statu,
  aedat TYPE ekpo-aedat,
  matnr TYPE ekpo-matnr,
  menge TYPE ekpo-menge,
  meins TYPE ekpo-meins,
  netpr TYPE ekpo-netpr,
  peinh TYPE ekpo-peinh,
  line_color(4) type c,     "Used to store row color attributes
 END OF t_ekko.

      wa_ekko TYPE t_ekko.

*ALV data declarations
data: fieldcatalog type slis_t_fieldcat_alv with header line,
      gd_tab_group type slis_t_sp_group_alv,
      gd_layout    type slis_layout_alv,
      gd_repid     like sy-repid.


perform data_retrieval.
perform build_fieldcatalog.
perform build_layout.
perform display_alv_report.

*       Build Fieldcatalog for ALV Report
form build_fieldcatalog.

* There are a number of ways to create a fieldcat.
* For the purpose of this example i will build the fieldcatalog manualy
* by populating the internal table fields individually and then
* appending the rows. This method can be the most time consuming but can
* also allow you  more control of the final product.

* Beware though, you need to ensure that all fields required are
* populated. When using some of functionality available via ALV, such as
* total. You may need to provide more information than if you were
* simply displaying the result
*               I.e. Field type may be required in-order for
*                    the 'TOTAL' function to work.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'EBELN'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Purchase Order'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 0.
  fieldcatalog-outputlen   = 10.
*  fieldcatalog-emphasize     = 'X'.
*  fieldcatalog-key         = 'X'.
*  fieldcatalog-do_sum      = 'X'.
*  fieldcatalog-no_zero     = 'X'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'EBELP'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'PO Item'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 1.
*  fieldcatalog-emphasize   = 'X'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'STATU'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Status'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 2.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'AEDAT'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Item change date'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 3.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MATNR'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Material Number'.
  fieldcatalog-emphasize   = 'X'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 4.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MENGE'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'PO quantity'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 5.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MEINS'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Order Unit'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 6.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'NETPR'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Net Price'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 7.
  fieldcatalog-outputlen   = 15.
  fieldcatalog-datatype     = 'CURR'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.

  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'PEINH'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Price Unit'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 8.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
endform.                    " BUILD_FIELDCATALOG

*&      Form  BUILD_LAYOUT
*       Build layout for ALV grid report
form build_layout.
  gd_layout-no_input          = 'X'.
  gd_layout-colwidth_optimize = 'X'.
  gd_layout-totals_text       = 'Totals'(201).
* Set layout field for row attributes(i.e. color)
  gd_layout-coltab_fieldname  =      'CELL_COLOR'.
*  gd_layout-totals_only        = 'X'.
*  gd_layout-f2code            = 'DISP'.  "Sets fcode for when double
*                                         "click(press f2)
*  gd_layout-zebra             = 'X'.
*  gd_layout-group_change_edit = 'X'.
*  gd_layout-header_text       = 'helllllo'.
endform.                    " BUILD_LAYOUT

*       Display report using ALV grid
form display_alv_report.
  gd_repid = sy-repid.
  call function 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'
            i_callback_program      = gd_repid
*            i_callback_top_of_page   = 'TOP-OF-PAGE'  "see FORM
*            i_callback_user_command = 'USER_COMMAND'
*            i_grid_title           = outtext
            is_layout               = gd_layout
            it_fieldcat             = fieldcatalog[]
*            it_special_groups       = gd_tabgroup
*            IT_EVENTS                = GT_XEVENTS
            i_save                  = 'X'
*            is_variant              = z_template

            t_outtab                = it_ekko
            program_error           = 1
            others                  = 2.
  if sy-subrc <> 0.
endform.                    " DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT

*&      Form  DATA_RETRIEVAL
*       Retrieve data form EKPO table and populate itab it_ekko
form data_retrieval.
data: ld_color(1) type c.

select ebeln ebelp statu aedat matnr menge meins netpr peinh
 up to 10 rows
  from ekpo
  into table it_ekko.

*Populate field with color attributes
loop at it_ekko into wa_ekko.
* Populate color variable with colour properties
* Char 1 = C (This is a color property)
* Char 2 = 3 (Color codes: 1 - 7)
* Char 3 = Intensified on/off ( 1 or 0 )
* Char 4 = Inverse display on/off ( 1 or 0 )
*           i.e. wa_ekko-line_color = 'C410'
  ld_color = ld_color + 1.

* Only 7 colours so need to reset color value
  if ld_color = 8.
    ld_color = 1.
  concatenate 'C' ld_color '10' into wa_ekko-line_color.
*  wa_ekko-line_color = 'C410'.
  modify it_ekko from wa_ekko.
endform.                    " DATA_RETRIEVAL

reward points if it is usefull...


Former Member
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when building the field catalog do the following for the field u want to do color:

ist_fieldcat-key = 'X'.----

> comment it

ist_fieldcat-EMPHASIZE = 'C400'.

c100 to c700 for different color.

reward points if it is usefull...