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How to call Action POST to ODATA v.4

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Hello experts,

I am trying to consume ODATA v.4 service from MDK application, but I face some challenges to prepare the action call. According to the documentation “The OData library lets you interact with an OData endpoint to parse OData payloads, produce OData requests, and handle responses for OData versions 2 and 4.”

However I am not able to construct a post call to an entity action that is supposed to do an update of an entity. Here you are details for my example. I have attached metadata file (tour.xml).

The entity I would like to update is Users, and the call what I use to update it through a rest client (POSTMAN) looks like this (service endpoint path bolded):

https://ldcix38.devint.net.sap:44311 /sap/opu/odata4/sap/api_ilo_touroperations_o4/srvd_a2x/sap/touroperations/0001/Users('')/SAP__self.LogonToWarehouseResource

With payload:

{"EWMWarehouse" : "BS01","WarehouseResource" : "LEGO"}

And the service POST finishes successfully, updating the Logon status of the user.

I suppose that I am not able to create correct ReadLink, because my call fails with error:Resource not found for segment 'SAP__self.LogonToWarehouseResource'

My assumption is that to consume of an Action in ODATA v.4 I should use UpdateEntity, correct? Here you are the action, that I created and try to execute:

{
"_Type": "Action.Type.ODataService.UpdateEntity",
"ActionResult": {
"_Name": "EwmLogonActionResult"
},
"ShowActivityIndicator": true,
"OnSuccess": "/rtop/Actions/EwmLogon/EwmCheckRecovery.action",
"OnFailure": "/rtop/Rules/EwmLogon/EwmLogonFailure.js",
"Target": {
"Service": "/rtop/Services/tour.service",
"EntitySet": "Users",
"ReadLink": "{@odata.id}/SAP__self.LogonToWarehouseResource"
},
"Properties": {
"EWMWarehouse": "BS01",
"WarehouseResource": "DIMITROV"
}
}

May you tell me what I do wrong? The action I would like to call is named ‘LogonToWarehouseResource’ and seems well defined in the metadata file. For the ReadLink I tried different prefixes ({@odata.id}, {@odata.readLink}) with same failure.

I have attached tour.service file as well (with extension .txt to allow upload), where I explicitely had set dataVersion to 400 as per instructions in the documentation

Please advice. I will appretiate any hint that will help me to manage and execute a successful POST call from the application

Best Regards,

Dimiter

medhoohsao
Discoverer
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You don't know how this question solved an issue that I was trying to research it since a week. I just needed to add the part 'SAP__self' before the object bound function to be triggered! thanks for the question.

Accepted Solutions (1)

Accepted Solutions (1)

bill_froelich
Product and Topic Expert
Product and Topic Expert
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Since MDK does not currently support bound actions, you will need to try using the "REST Service Send Request" action or the equivalent ClientAPI sendRequest method. Please note I have not tried this myself, but I believe this should work. You will also need to know your destination name and format the full URL for the request.

Answers (1)

Answers (1)

evanireland
Advisor
Advisor
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I don't have MDK experience but I know that the the underlying OData APIs wouldn't permit an action to be called via updateEntity.

Perhaps you need to use this option: https://help.sap.com/doc/3642933ef2e1478fb1578ef2acba4ae9/Latest/en-US/reference/schemadoc/Action/OD...

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Hello Evan,

Thank you for your comment and for the proposal. Unfortunately, I cannot use neither CallFunction to consume Entity action. The reason is that the actions exposed by our model are always assigned to an Entity, and the proposed API simply does not allow to code this, e.g. the CallFunctionTarget does not allow to point the entity

When I try to create ODATA action there is no warning or error by the validation but during the build I receive this error:

MDK Validator - Failed to get schema of action file:///Users/i824790/work/Projects/rtop/src/metadata/definitions/Actions/EwmLogon/LogonToWarehouseResource.action with the error: TypeError: Cannot read properties of undefined (reading 'alias')

MDK Validator - Failed to get schema of action file:///Users/i824790/work/Projects/rtop/src/metadata/definitions/Actions/EwmLogon/LogonToWarehouseResource.action with the error: TypeError: Cannot read properties of undefined (reading 'alias')

And runtime an exception is thrown:

com.sap.cloud.mobile.odata.core.UndefinedException: Undefined data method: LogonToWarehouseResource.

Regards,

Dimiter

bill_froelich
Product and Topic Expert
Product and Topic Expert
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Evan is correct. You use CallFunction to execute a Function Import or Action Import. I do not believe Functions and Actions are not executed in the context of an EntitySet per Odata but instead expect all the parameters to be passed into them and they act accordingly providing the return type in response.

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Hello Bill,

I looked for an entity update, because Action I would like to use is tightly related to User: it is exposed as User Entity Action. It is not defined as ActionImport or FunctionImport – you can see this in the attached metadata file.

So, I would like to construct a URI in this way:

https://<service_endpoint>/Users('')/SAP__self.LogonToWarehouseResource

Following your advice I tried to use Action.Type.ODataService.CallFunction:

{
"_Type": "Action.Type.ODataService.CallFunction",
"ActionResult": {
"_Name": "EwmLogonActionResult"
},
"ShowActivityIndicator": true,
"OnSuccess": "/rtop/Actions/EwmLogon/EwmCheckRecovery.action",
"OnFailure": "/rtop/Rules/EwmLogon/EwmLogonFailure.js",
"Target": {
"Service": "/rtop/Services/tour.service",
"Function": {
"Name": "LogonToWarehouseResource",
"Parameters": {
"Resource": "/rtop/Rules/Resource/GetResource.js",
"Warehouse": "/rtop/Rules/Resource/GetWarehouse.js"
}
}
}
}

It seems to be accepted as a valid function name and build finishes without error.

But runtime I receive error and it is before the real call: the URL cannot be constructed at all, because LogonToWarehouseResource is not recognized. Screenshot with the error is attached:

I gave a try with ‘SAP__self.LogonToWarehouseResource’ as Function Name, as well as with ‘Users('')/SAP__self.LogonToWarehouseResource’ always with the same result
Additional info: If I use BAS with its action wizard layout, nothing appears as proposal in the drop-down list (see the attached screenshot):

So my question can be down casted to this one: how the segment concerning User would be added to the code in order to construct a call that is accepted by the backend

Thank you,

Dimiter

bill_froelich
Product and Topic Expert
Product and Topic Expert
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We will have to look into why the editor is not displaying the action names.

I don't believe we have call function support for actions bound to an entity set at this time. You may need to use REST Service Send Request action type in the meantime and you can open a feature request for enhancing the call function support longer term.

bill_froelich
Product and Topic Expert
Product and Topic Expert
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I have opened an internal issue related to the display of the Action Names

bill_froelich
Product and Topic Expert
Product and Topic Expert
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I had the editor team check the metadata xml from the community question. The reason the wizard does not show any of the actions is because they are not exposed in the Entity Container in the XML. You will need to adjust the service to expose those actions and then they should appear in the editor.

evanireland
Advisor
Advisor
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Per OData spec, bound functions/actions don't get exposed in the EntityContainer.

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Hello bill.froelich jitendrakumar.kansal ,

I also checked with our backend developers and they said what evanireland stated in the previous comment: ADT cannot expose bound OData v.4 functions/actions in the entity container.

So my question can be rephrased : is there MDK API I can use to consume bound Action or Bound Function?

Thank you,

Dimiter