This blog will explain the functionality of TM integration with GTS on import side i.e if a dispatcher transports goods from export country CFS -port of loading-- port of discharge -import CFS- final delivery to consignee then in that case on the destination side i.e at port of destination or import gateway , there has to be import goods declaration and its here that GTS-TM integration comes into the picture.
There are multiple settings that we need to set up before we can achive/implement the import functionality :
a) Considering its a LSP scenario, we need to activate customs handling -Automatic in defining forwarding order type
b) Traffic direction should be set to 2 i.e import when setting up FWO type
c) Now there is option wheather there should be creation of single import declaration or multiple import declarartion per FWO type.Hence this process is dependent on the grouping of items at the item level tab of the FWO.Now SAP provides process controller strategies which splits the items based on various criterias like icoterm, import location, BP like shipper , consignee etc.We should use standard strategies like IMP_FU with service-TM_GT_GRP in the below enclosed navigation path-SPRO-Transportation management-SCM basis-Process controller-Define strategy
d) We need to define customs relevance checks in SPRO and assign delivered class and method.This configuration will control wheather an import declaration has to be defined by LSP and wheather items are to be imported. The navigation path to maintain this config is SPRO-Transportation Management-Basic functions-Global trade-Define customs relevance check
e) Define customs activity is to be set up using the navigation path-SPRO-SAP Transportation Management-Basic functions-Global trade-Define customs activities and profile.Here the customs procedure is defined in the customs activity.Below enclosed are the important fields with descriptions as defined in picture 1:
i) Customs activity/Description-Its an identifier which will be used to differentiate between various customs activity
ii) Customs relevance check-Make it a relevant check for import FU declaration
iii) Check result status-This can have status-Not relevant or status-Relevant.If its not relevant this means the customs status is set if the business document is not customs relevant.
iv) Grouping strategy-In order to group items into customs group, this strategy field can eb used.
v) Customs declaration trigger status-Specifies the execution status of a business document so that customs declaration can be triggered
vi) Process status-This can have multiple status such as requested,approved, cancelled, cancelation request and it defines which status the custom status can be set if custom declaration is approved/cancelled etc.
f) Define customs profile-This profile is used to determine how the customs activity can be processed when assigned to a particular profile.This is defined under SPRO-Transportation Management-Basic functions-Global trade-Define customs activities and profile . Once its defined then it needs to be assigned to activity defined earlier.
g) Finally the customs profile needs to be assigned to FU type in customising under Additional settings tab in freight unit defination.
h) When user creates a FWO, in the general data tab Import declaration flag for LSP is to be ticked.
i) If BP always request LSP to do the import declration, then we need to check mark-LSP import declaration in Tcode BP under BP role-Sold to party -Customer org data tab.
j) When FWO is to be created at an item level, under customs tab we need to maintain values for i) Customs activity-Import declaration and ii) Import location.In case there are 3 items in FWO and clicking on individual items if Customs activity and import location is maintained invidually then there will be 3 import delcrations created.
k) Once the import FWO is created and saved, click on the header button-Customs-Create import declaration and there will be message indicating that grouping has been performed for different items and hence 3 declarations has been created.The status changes to-Customs clearance requested.
l) Once the FU is created from FWO, we can click on the customs tab where the customs activity can be viewed.Once we click on the customs activity we can enter customs reference No, expiration date and customs document No.
In this way the entire integration can be set up between TM-GTS.