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Understanding the Basic SAP Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR)


Today, in the business world which experiences fluctuations on a more regular basis, the role of revenue recognition is very significant for enterprises from any industry. So that they could comply with the regulations and maintain financial transparency, enterprises pick the SAP RAR solution. This can be quite a challenge for the beginners in SAP RAR, as it may be very difficult to deal with its complexities. Though the concept is not that complicated, it is very essential to know its basic elements and workings to leverage it to your own advantage and get the work done accordingly.

 Let us discuss what the SAP RAR is,

 SAP RAR is a full fledged solution which works to counter the revenue recognition problems in compliance with international accounting standards like ASC 606 and IFRS 15. This helps the organizations to make the revenue recognition process into an automated and standardized one, which in turn, improves the financial reporting consistency and accuracy.

 Few Key features of SAP RAR : Few Key features of SAP RAR :

 Contract Management: SAP RAR unifies all the contract data in one place, thus ensuring that the contract terms and conditions used towards the revenue recognition are captured correctly. Agreements are studied to detect the POB’s and decide on the revenue recognition patterns.

 Revenue Recognition: Part of the key features of SAP RAR is the automated detection of revenue on the basis of predefined rules and criteria. Revenue can be realized over a period of time or a particular point in time, depending on the particular nature of the performance obligations.

 Allocation of Transaction Price: SAP RAR enables assigning the sales price to the relevant output of the obligations in the underlying contract. This helps in the recognition of revenue correctly by the relative standalone selling prices(SSP) in the reporting units.

 Integration with SAP ERP/S/4 HANA : The seamless integration between SAP RAR and other SAP modules, such as SAP ERP or SAP S/4HANA, facilitates the data flow, reiterating internally between the financial and also operational systems.

Reporting and Analytics: SAP RAR has likable reporting and analytics which deliver the information on how the revenue recognition activities, compliance status, and financial performance are performed. Generating customized reports and dashboards is very possible for the users to follow the key metrics and trends very closely.

 Why RAR is very necessary for SAP BRIM. 

As subscription-based business models have invaded the different industries, e.g. telecommunications, media, utilities, and also software, there is a rising need for flexible billing and revenue management solutions. SAP BRIM brings many features that support the subscription billing, usage-based pricing and also achieves cash/revenue recognition that helps firms operating in the subscription-based markets.

 SAP RAR is one of the key elements of SAP BRIM for a number of central reasons. SAP Billing and Revenue Innovation Management (BRIM) is a very important system for the innovation and development of revenue to the organizations that deliver the services and products.

 It is very critical to go over the subscription model in detail before we can understand subtopic ASC 606 and also IFRS 15 regarding revenue recognition.

 From the revenue recognition perspective, IFRS 15 and ASC 606 issued by the FASB and the IASB, respectively, give guidance on how to account for revenue from the contracts with clients that include subscription-based arrangements.

 Identification of the Contract: ASC 606 defines a contract as a binding agreement between two or more parties, where both parties have rights and obligations that are enforceable. For a subscriber-based revenue model, it normally states that a customer is promised to pay a recurring fee to access a product or service over a period of period.

 Performance Obligations: Performance obligations under ASC 606 should be identified within the contract that is to be executed, which are the promises to deliver the goods or the provision of services to the customer. In subscription contracts, the performance obligation is usually provided in the units of the good or service as the customer receives and uses the results in accordance with the terms of the subscription.

 Recognition of Revenue: Adopted in subscription-based contracts agreements, revenue usually is recognized over the time as the customer receives and benefits from the goods or services provided. ASC 606 provides directives on how the organizations should measure the progress over the course of time towards the performance fulfillment, including the usage of output methods (e.g., usage or time-based) and also input methods (e.g., incurred costs).

 Variable Consideration: ASC 606 necessitates enterprises to include variable consideration in its consideration, including discounts, refunds, or credits, when they estimate the transaction price of the subscription contracts. Companies may use any one of the two estimation techniques, namely, the expected value method or the most likely amount method, depending on what method is expected to better predict the amount that the firm will be entitled to.

 Contract Modifications: In case the subscription agreement is amended (e.g., the subscription terms or pricing are changed), ASC 606 requires that a company must account for the amendment as a separate contract if the complete scope or the price of the contract is altered. Otherwise, they update the consideration and fulfill the remaining performance commitment.

 Whilst ASC 606 and IFRS 15 are accounting standards that regulate the practice of the revenue recognition in customer contracts, the two standards are slightly different, which need to be well understood.

 Scope and Applicability: 

ASC 606 is applicable in the US for both private and public companies, whereas IFRS 15 is applied globally, which is intended for the companies that follow IFRS. ASC 606 and IFRS 15 share many similar concepts around the recognizing of the revenues, but some divergences may exist due to jurisdictions-specific guidance and industry practices.

 Contract Modifications:

ASC 606 and IFRS 15 give the guidance on accounting for the contract modifications, however, there are some irregularities regarding the treatment of modifications that result in an additional contract. Adding distinct goods or services under ASC 606, a contract modification is considered as a new contract if its price reflects their standalone selling price. In that case, it is considered as a very important part of the already existing and concluded contract. Under IFRS 15, contract modification is treated as a separate contract if it involves goods and services that are effortlessly separable from the execution of the contract and if the consideration is in accordance with the selling price of the standalone units. If this is so, it is a part of the agreement which already exists. 

Effective Dates and Transition: 

The new revenue recognition standard, ASC 606 led public companies in the US to comply with the new rules beginning their fiscal years after December 15, 2017, and private companies to comply with the new rules beginning of their fiscal years after December 15, 2018. Implementation of IFRS 15 began on January 1, 2018 for the reporting periods on or after this date, though early adoption was permitted.

Disclosure Requirements: 

Both ASC 606 and IFRS 15 dictate exhaustive disclosures related to the revenue recognition policies, critical judgments, and also changing contract balances. Nevertheless, the specifically disclosure requirements can differ a bit between the two standards.

We returned to the question of "How very necessary RAR for BRIM's success."

 Integration between SAP Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR) can provide several benefits to a business, including: Integration between SAP Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR) can provide many benefits to a business, including:

 Compliance with Revenue Recognition Standards: It is RAR that business entities can conform to the intricate revenue recognition rules like ASC 606 and IFRS 15. Automating the revenue recognition procedures and applying the standard accounting rules through which revenue is recognized correctly and as per the regulatory standards, is done by RAR.

 Improved Financial Reporting: RAR delivers a holistic reporting and analysis suite, which lets the businesses generate exact and efficient financial reports on the time. This helps in the transparency and visibility in the revenue flow which in turn assists the decision-making processes of the stakeholders.

 Enhanced Contract Management: The RAR consolidates the contracts and offers a single window to all contracts, contract terms, and also customer performance obligations. This enhances the contract management processes, makes the contract negotiations easy and also ensures adherence to contractual commitments.

 Risk Mitigation: RAR is designed to ensure that the revenue recognition processes are standardized and that all regulatory standards are complied with. Hence, it helps the business to lesser the risk of any non-compliance, financial misstatements and regulatory penalties.

Enhanced Customer Satisfaction: Customer, supplier and investor faith becomes a very significant factor which is prompted by accurate and transparent revenue recognition processes. This increases the trust and consequently, strong interpersonal ties result in enhanced customer satisfaction and loyalty.

 How can the SAP RAR be integrated with the others from SAP modules? 

SAP RAR could make a significant difference to a business by putting in place the right compliance, improvement, visibility and also control over the revenue recognition processes, which should be the key ingredients of the sustainable growth and success of an organization, or otherwise. For companies with specific requirements, the integration of the existing modules may also be considered in addition to SAP RAR. Here are some common modules that are typically integrated with SAP RAR: Here are some common modules that are typically integrated with SAP RAR:

AP Sales and Distribution (SD):

 SD Integration means sending out the sales order data, delivery information, and also billing documents to RAR by the way of SAP. This integration therefore guarantees that the revenue is being recorded properly as per actual sales transactions and also the contractual terms.

SAP Financial Accounting (FI): 

Integration with SAP FI allows the financial data transfer from SAP RAR to the SAP FI General Journal, Sales Receivables, and also Revenue Recognition as well. This confidence is achieved by bringing in harmony the revenue recognition processes and the accounting reporting rules.

SAP Controlling (CO): 

The integration between SAP CO and SAP RAR is to map the cost and revenue elements from SAP RAR to the cost centers, profit centers, and other controlling objects in SAP CO. This will help the companies monitor the relationship between revenue and cost data with respect to the profitability and performance metrics.

SAP Contract Lifecycle Management (CLM): 

Interacting with SAP CLM is what facilitates the exchange of the contract data, terms and conditions from SAP RAR to SAP CLM. So, we are very sure that revenue recognition will be based on the contract information which is correct and revenue will be allocated correctly to the performance promises. SAP CRM (Customer Relationship Management) with SAP RAR (Revenue Recognition for SAP) integration allows the connecting of different customer information, orders and contracts to revenue recognition in SAP RAR. The integration helps with the consistency in revenue allocation and the profitability analysis of customers.

SAP Order to Cash (O2C):

Through the integration with SAP E2C the order-to-cash cycle is being much more streamlined by linking sales orders, deliveries and invoices with SAP RAR. This integration facilitates the revenue recognition as per the joint contractual provisions and also in conjunction with the completed sales transactions.

How are the functions to be taken over? 

Telecommunications Company:

Challenge: An operational telecommunication company struggles with correctly acknowledging its revenues and following rule 606. Solution: The organization masters SAP RAR to expedite the revenue recognition processes, such as the determination of performance commitments and valuation of transactional costs. Benefits: Through SAP RAR, the company has been able to get streamlined revenue recognition, reduce the manual work effort, and still comply with the regulatory standards. Also, it takes into account the performance of the revenue, in order to make the decisions and forecast better.

Software Company: 

Challenge: Revenue mis-matches and the related delays are caused by the software company in such cases faced with intricate revenue agreements and also billing systems. Solution: By using SAP RAR, the aim of the company is to standardize the revenue recognition processes, automatically calculate the billing expenses, and attribute the revenues to several performance duties. Benefits: The SAP RAR helps to determine the correct amount that the company gets for the license purchase, subscription, and also maintenance cost. It increases the billing accuracy, augments the revenue cycle duration, and also promotes the financial statistics transparency.

Media and Entertainment Company: 

Challenge: Such a media and entertainment company needs to handle revenue coming from the ad sales, content distribution agreements, and also digital subscriptions across different platforms. Solution: The company implements SAP RAR in order to gradually standardize the revenue recognition processes and consolidate data obtained from disparate systems equally and provide analysis in a complete manner. Benefits: SAP RAR contributes to achieving the seamless revenue recognition across all the revenue streams, data accuracy and real-time visibility of the revenue performance. It also provides for the compliance with the ASC 606 and thus improves the auditability.

 Manufacturing Company:

Challenge: A manufacturing company experiences many hurdles on matching the revenue recognition with milestone delivery and also warranty obligations in a few of its long term deals. Solution: The enterprise uses the SAP RAR to automate the revenue recognition computations, to keep tabs on the modifications to the contracts and allocate revenue dependent on the performance obligations. Benefits: Incorporation of SAP ARR helps the company to track the revenue on a timely basis, cash flow forecasting, and also minimize revenue recognition risk associated with the tough contracts. It also expands the collaboration functions between the salespeople and also efficiency experts which makes the contract management better developed and profitability analysis more accurate.

In nutshell SAP Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR) can be simplified by breaking down its key components and functionalities : In nutshell SAP Revenue Accounting and Reporting (RAR) can be simplified by breaking down its key components and functionalities.

 Core Functions: 

Revenue Recognition: SAP RAR identifies the revenue internally in real-time from the customer contracts. It assists in deciding the timeline for the revenue recognition as indicated in the contract through ensuring the performance obligation is fulfilled. Revenue Allocation: SAP RAR defines the revenues that are associated with the specified performance obligations within a contract, hence helps in the correct revenue recognition process for each obligation. Contract Management: SAP RAR performs a consolidation of the contract data, which incorporates the terms, conditions and also performance obligations that guides and ensures the accurate revenues recognition and reporting. Reporting and Analytics: SAP RAR enables the managers to generate the reports that enable them to monitor the revenue performance, analyze trends and also maintain the accounting standards conformity.

Key Concepts:

Performance Obligations: This is the agreement made between a customer and a supplier in a way other than cash, in the form of goods or services. The SAP RAR solution sets the responsiveness for the recognition of performance obligations and also accurate revenue recognition. Transaction Price: This is the amount of the other person’s evaluation to be given in recompense for the things or services provided. Another very important function of SAP RAR is in calculating the transaction price and then the price allocated to each performance obligation. Revenue Recognition Criteria: The recognition of revenue regarding SAP RAR is based on specifically defined criteria, such as the transfer of control and the fulfillment of performance obligations. Variable Consideration: This will include rebates, discounts, any adjustments on the transaction price are not excluded. SAP RAR contains the support of variable consideration in the revenue recognition.


Compliance: SAP RAR assists the companies with revenue recognition standards that are very difficult to understand, and therefore reduces the risk of non-compliance and financial misstatements. Efficiency: Automating revenue recognition functionalities through SAP RAR enhances the efficiency, decreases the manual workload and eradicates incorrect entries. Insights: Through SAP RAR, the revenue performance, contract profitability and revenue forecasts are revealed which when used procures the right decision-making and strategic planning. 

Thank you for reading my article and don’t hesitate to reach out to me if any questions arise. 

























































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