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Jitakshi_Sarmah
Explorer
In this blog post I will be focusing on SAP Revenue accounting and reporting (RAR) Event-Based Fulfillment Type – Proof of Delivery of Performance Obligation. A performance obligation (POB) can be fulfilled when a specified event happens which is Event-Based Fulfillment. A performance obligation can be fulfilled over a period of time which is Time-Based Fulfillment.

Performance Obligation Types


The goods or services that are promised in the contract represent a single performance obligation. SAP RAR has performance obligation types, and this represents data which addresses queries on fulfillment type; if it is Time or Event Based, and also specifies about the duration.


IMG Path - Financial Accounting > Revenue Accounting > Revenue Accounting Contracts > Define Performance Obligation Types

Fulfillment Event Types 


On the occurrence of an event, Performance obligations can be fulfilled. They can also be fulfilled over a period of time, starting from the occurrence of an event.

IMG Path - Financial Accounting > Revenue Accounting > Revenue Accounting Contracts > Define Fulfilment Event Types



Proof of Delivery and Time Based


One can fulfill performance obligations (POBs) once proof of delivery gets generated.

Time-based fulfillments for performance obligations involve subscriptions, for example contracts, where services are provided on a regular basis for the duration of the contract.

Use Case


Company enters into a contract with customer (17100005) for 30,000 USD for providing Hi-Tech Equipment (TG14) together with Consumable Spare Parts (TG12) and Warranty (SM001) of during contract validity from 1st September 2022 to 28th February 2023 (6 months).





















































Items Qty SO Rate SSP Contractual Price Total SSP Allocated Amount Allocation Effect
TG14 1 33,000 25,000 33,000 25,000 33,840.30 840.30
TG12 5 400 200 2,000 1,000 1,353.61 (646.39)
SM0001 1 600 300 600 300 406.08 (193.92)
Total 35,600 26,300 35,600 0

Calculation Check Points:

  • Allocated Amount = Standalone Selling Price of Item X Complete Contractual Price / (Sum of all Stand-Alone Selling Price (SSP))

  • Allocation Effect = Allocated Amount – Contractual Price of Item


Step 1: Value Contract

We start with Value Contract creation with materials & services associated with agreement.


Step 2: Sales Order

Next, with reference to value contract further Sales Order is created and condition type PPR0, Standalone Sales Price (SSP) will be manually updated at every item level for testing but without SSP system will not save the Sales Order.


Step 3: Process Revenue Accounting Item’s related to Sales Order                      (Step 1)

For many entities, Step 1 will be straight forward; the key point is to determine when a contract exists. Using Tcode FARR_RAI_MON or Fiori App Manage Revenue Accounting Items, all sales order items will be showcase initially as processable RAI’s. Then all such processable RAI’s are transferred using default sender integration component as SD with RAI class as SD01 with source document item type as SDOI to RAR.

View RAR Contract and Performance Obligations (POB’s)                                     (Step 2)

Through Tcode FARR_RAI_MON, all sales order items will be showcase initially as processable RAI’s. Such processable RAI’s are further transferred collectively or individually transfer to RAR. Once RAI’s are processed successfully, in 1st step system will automatically create one Revenue Recognition Contract 1000000103 against one Sales Order and in 2nd step Performance Obligations 2000001007/08/09 for each Sales Order items.


RAR Contract – Price Allocation                                                                            (Step 3, 4)

As per IFRS 15 prerequisite, RAR component will automatically perform the allocation amount and allocation effect against each Performance Obligation. This determines transaction price and allocate to the separate POB’s level.


Step 4: SD – Outbound Delivery and Post Goods Issue

With reference to Sales Order, Outbound Delivery and PGI done for material relevant order items.


Step 5: Revenue Accounting Item’s related to Delivery

In transaction FARR_RAI_MON or Fiori App Manage Revenue Accounting Items, all fulfillment items related to order will be showcase initially as processable RAI’s. Then all such processable RAI’s are transferred using default sender integration component as SD with RAI class as SD02 with source document item type as SDFI to RAR.


Step 6: Proof of Delivery

With respect to Delivery, proof of delivery has been done.Step 7: Process Revenue Accounting Item’s related to Fulfillment


In transaction FARR_RAI_MON or Fiori App Manage Revenue Accounting Items, all fulfillment items related to order will be showcase initially as processable RAI’s. Then all such processable RAI’s are transferred using default sender integration component as SD with RAI class as SD02 with source document item type as SDFI to RAR.


RAR Contract – Revenue Schedule (After Fulfillment)                                            (Step 5)

This is the final step to determine for each POB when revenue should be recognized. Revenue is recognized when POB is fulfilled – that is when Proof of delivery has been done or services are eligible for post. The system records costs and recognizes revenue based on allocated amounts. The Proof of delivery posting triggers real time creation of the revenue entry recording contract asset based on the allocated revenue. The solution is based on the Universal Journal and provides real time information on the data at point of time.


Step 8: Customer Billing

Customer billing has been posted.


Step 9: Process Revenue Accounting Item’s related to Billing

In transaction FARR_RAI_MON or Fiori App Manage Revenue Accounting Items, All Invoice Items related to billing will be showcase initially as processable RAI’s. Then all such processable RAI’s are transferred using default sender integration component as SD with RAI class as SD03 with source document item type as SDII to RAR.

Summary of RAR Contract – Revenue Schedule (After Fulfillment)

In transaction FARR_RAI_MON or Fiori App Manage Revenue Accounting Items, RAR Contract details will be displayed with all information related to Order Items, Fulfillment Items and Invoice Items.


In September we can see 16.67% and in October 33.33% completion of the Service Item


In December we can see 66.67% completion of the Service Item


Service item will be 100% completed by the end of contract period which is 6 months in this case.

We can also see the document flow in Fiori App – Manage Revenue Contracts as below:


This brings us to end of test case of RAR Use Case for Event-Based Fulfillment of Performance Obligations – Proof of Delivery.

Hope you find this blog informative and helpful.

Please do follow the SAP S/4HANA environment Topic page (https://community.sap.com/topics/s4hana) for more such informative blogs on various topics.

Thanks,

Jitakshi