In this Blog, we will see difference between Master Data and Transaction Data in SAP.
Definition: Master data in SAP comprises the core, foundational data that remains relatively stable and provides essential information about entities, objects, or elements used in business processes. Master data serves as a reference point for transaction data.
Definition: Transaction data, on the other hand, represents the actual business activities and events conducted within an organization. It captures the specific details of individual transactions or operations.
Stability: Master data is generally long-lasting and relatively static. It doesn't change as frequently as transaction data.
Essential: It represents critical business entities, such as customers, vendors, products, materials, employees, and organizational units.
Shared: Master data is typically shared across multiple business processes and transactions.
Examples: Customer master data (for storing customer details), Material master data (for storing information about products/materials), Vendor master data (for storing vendor information), and Employee master data (for storing employee information) are common examples.
Dynamic: Transaction data is dynamic and subject to frequent changes as business processes are executed.
Transactional: It includes records of business transactions, such as sales orders, purchase orders, invoices, deliveries, and production orders.
Specific: Transaction data is specific to a particular activity or event and often includes timestamps.
Examples: Sales orders, purchase orders, invoices, production orders, and delivery notes are examples of transaction data.
Maintenance: Master data is maintained centrally, and updates to master data records are relatively controlled and subject to approval processes.
Relationship with Master Data: Transaction data often references master data. For example, a sales order may reference the customer's master data, and a purchase order may reference vendor master data.
Customer Master Data: Contains information about customers, such as name, address, payment terms, and credit limit.
Material Master Data: Stores details about products or materials, including descriptions, units of measure, and procurement information.
Vendor Master Data: Holds information about vendors or suppliers, such as contact information and payment terms.
Employee Master Data: Includes data about employees, such as names, positions, and organizational assignments.
Life Cycle: Transaction data has a defined life cycle, starting with its creation, followed by processing, and often ending with its archiving or deletion.
Here we get clear idea about difference between master data and transaction data.