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very very imp question plz......reply atleast one step

Former Member
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110

<b>plz tell me the statements which will be burdon for the databaSe</b>..and to over come tha which statements we should use...fro example INSTEAD OF INNER JOINS WE USE FOR ALL ENTRIES TO UTILIZE DATABASE MUCH MORE EFFECIENTLY PLZ REPLY MY QUESTION WITH GREAT HEART THANK U

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

amit_khare
Active Contributor
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74

Go through these links -

Regards,

Amit

Reward all helpful replies.

7 REPLIES 7

amit_khare
Active Contributor
0 Kudos
75

Go through these links -

Regards,

Amit

Reward all helpful replies.

Former Member
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74

Hi

1) Dont use nested seelct statement

2) If possible use for all entries in addition

3) In the where addition make sure you give all the primary key

4) Use Index for the selection criteria.

5) You can also use inner joins

6) You can try to put the data from the first select statement into an Itab and then in order to select the data from the second table use for all entries in.

7) Use the runtime analysis SE30 and SQL Trace (ST05) to identify the performance and also to identify where the load is heavy, so that you can change the code accordingly

https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/servlet/prt/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/5d0db4c9-0e01-0010-b68f-9b1...

Reward points if useful

Regards

Anji

Former Member
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74

if you did 3 tables inner join ,no performance ...

if you use more than 3 tables inner join,it is going to be performance issue.

use for all entries always.it is better than inner joins

Former Member
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74

hi,

if we use for all entries in select statement.it will retrieve results including duplicate records.

but if we use joins it will retrieve only the matching records.So it will remove redundant columns in display.So increasing the performance.

Reward with points if helpful.

Former Member
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74

Hi,

Performance tuning for Data Selection Statement

For all entries

The for all entries creates a where clause, where all the entries in the driver table are combined with OR. If the number of

entries in the driver table is larger than rsdb/max_blocking_factor, several similar SQL statements are executed to limit the

length of the WHERE clause.

The plus

• Large amount of data

• Mixing processing and reading of data

• Fast internal reprocessing of data

• Fast

The Minus

• Difficult to program/understand

• Memory could be critical (use FREE or PACKAGE size)

Some steps that might make FOR ALL ENTRIES more efficient:

• Removing duplicates from the the driver table

• Sorting the driver table

If possible, convert the data in the driver table to ranges so a BETWEEN statement is used instead of and OR statement:

FOR ALL ENTRIES IN i_tab

WHERE mykey >= i_tab-low and

mykey <= i_tab-high.

Nested selects

The plus:

• Small amount of data

• Mixing processing and reading of data

• Easy to code - and understand

The minus:

• Large amount of data

• when mixed processing isn’t needed

• Performance killer no. 1

Select using JOINS

The plus

• Very large amount of data

• Similar to Nested selects - when the accesses are planned by the programmer

• In some cases the fastest

• Not so memory critical

The minus

• Very difficult to program/understand

• Mixing processing and reading of data not possible

Use the selection criteria

SELECT * FROM SBOOK.

CHECK: SBOOK-CARRID = 'LH' AND

SBOOK-CONNID = '0400'.

ENDSELECT.

SELECT * FROM SBOOK

WHERE CARRID = 'LH' AND

CONNID = '0400'.

ENDSELECT.

Use the aggregated functions

C4A = '000'.

SELECT * FROM T100

WHERE SPRSL = 'D' AND

ARBGB = '00'.

CHECK: T100-MSGNR > C4A.

C4A = T100-MSGNR.

ENDSELECT.

SELECT MAX( MSGNR ) FROM T100 INTO C4A

WHERE SPRSL = 'D' AND

ARBGB = '00'.

Select with view

SELECT * FROM DD01L

WHERE DOMNAME LIKE 'CHAR%'

AND AS4LOCAL = 'A'.

SELECT SINGLE * FROM DD01T

WHERE DOMNAME = DD01L-DOMNAME

AND AS4LOCAL = 'A'

AND AS4VERS = DD01L-AS4VERS

AND DDLANGUAGE = SY-LANGU.

ENDSELECT.

SELECT * FROM DD01V

WHERE DOMNAME LIKE 'CHAR%'

AND DDLANGUAGE = SY-LANGU.

ENDSELECT.

Select with index support

SELECT * FROM T100

WHERE ARBGB = '00'

AND MSGNR = '999'.

ENDSELECT.

SELECT * FROM T002.

SELECT * FROM T100

WHERE SPRSL = T002-SPRAS

AND ARBGB = '00'

AND MSGNR = '999'.

ENDSELECT.

ENDSELECT.

Select … Into table

REFRESH X006.

SELECT * FROM T006 INTO X006.

APPEND X006.

ENDSELECT

SELECT * FROM T006 INTO TABLE X006.

Select with selection list

SELECT * FROM DD01L

WHERE DOMNAME LIKE 'CHAR%'

AND AS4LOCAL = 'A'.

ENDSELECT

SELECT DOMNAME FROM DD01L

INTO DD01L-DOMNAME

WHERE DOMNAME LIKE 'CHAR%'

AND AS4LOCAL = 'A'.

ENDSELECT

Key access to multiple lines

LOOP AT TAB.

CHECK TAB-K = KVAL.

" ...

ENDLOOP.

LOOP AT TAB WHERE K = KVAL.

" ...

ENDLOOP.

Copying internal tables

REFRESH TAB_DEST.

LOOP AT TAB_SRC INTO TAB_DEST.

APPEND TAB_DEST.

ENDLOOP.

TAB_DEST[] = TAB_SRC[].

Modifying a set of lines

LOOP AT TAB.

IF TAB-FLAG IS INITIAL.

TAB-FLAG = 'X'.

ENDIF.

MODIFY TAB.

ENDLOOP.

TAB-FLAG = 'X'.

MODIFY TAB TRANSPORTING FLAG

WHERE FLAG IS INITIAL.

Deleting a sequence of lines

DO 101 TIMES.

DELETE TAB_DEST INDEX 450.

ENDDO.

DELETE TAB_DEST FROM 450 TO 550.

Linear search vs. binary

READ TABLE TAB WITH KEY K = 'X'.

READ TABLE TAB WITH KEY K = 'X' BINARY SEARCH.

Comparison of internal tables

DESCRIBE TABLE: TAB1 LINES L1,

TAB2 LINES L2.

IF L1 <> L2.

TAB_DIFFERENT = 'X'.

ELSE.

TAB_DIFFERENT = SPACE.

LOOP AT TAB1.

READ TABLE TAB2 INDEX SY-TABIX.

IF TAB1 <> TAB2.

TAB_DIFFERENT = 'X'. EXIT.

ENDIF.

ENDLOOP.

ENDIF.

IF TAB_DIFFERENT = SPACE.

" ...

ENDIF.

IF TAB1[] = TAB2[].

" ...

ENDIF.

Modify selected components

LOOP AT TAB.

TAB-DATE = SY-DATUM.

MODIFY TAB.

ENDLOOP.

WA-DATE = SY-DATUM.

LOOP AT TAB.

MODIFY TAB FROM WA TRANSPORTING DATE.

ENDLOOP.

Appending two internal tables

LOOP AT TAB_SRC.

APPEND TAB_SRC TO TAB_DEST.

ENDLOOP

APPEND LINES OF TAB_SRC TO TAB_DEST.

Deleting a set of lines

LOOP AT TAB_DEST WHERE K = KVAL.

DELETE TAB_DEST.

ENDLOOP

DELETE TAB_DEST WHERE K = KVAL.

Tools available in SAP to pin-point a performance problem

The runtime analysis (SE30)

SQL Trace (ST05)

Tips and Tricks tool

The performance database

Optimizing the load of the database

Using table buffering

Using buffered tables improves the performance considerably. Note that in some cases a stament can not be used with a buffered table, so when using these staments the buffer will be bypassed. These staments are:

• Select DISTINCT

• ORDER BY / GROUP BY / HAVING clause

• Any WHERE clasuse that contains a subquery or IS NULL expression

• JOIN s

• A SELECT... FOR UPDATE

If you wnat to explicitly bypass the bufer, use the BYPASS BUFFER addition to the SELECT clause.

Use the ABAP SORT Clause Instead of ORDER BY

The ORDER BY clause is executed on the database server while the ABAP SORT statement is executed on the application server. The datbase server will usually be the bottleneck, so sometimes it is better to move thje sort from the datsbase server to the application server.

If you are not sorting by the primary key ( E.g. using the ORDER BY PRIMARY key statement) but are sorting by another key, it could be better to use the ABAP SORT stament to sort the data in an internal table. Note however that for very large result sets it might not be a feasible solution and you would want to let the datbase server sort it.

Avoid ther SELECT DISTINCT Statement

As with the ORDER BY clause it could be better to avoid using SELECT DISTINCT, if some of the fields are not part of an index. Instead use ABAP SORT + DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES on an internal table, to delete duplciate rows.

Regards,

Kumar.

Former Member
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74

Lot of points have already been given in above posts.

A few more :

1) Try to use positive logic :

eg. WHERE MATNR IN SO_PX rather than MATNR NOT IN SO_PX

2) Try to avoid ORDER BY. You can SORT the internal table after getting data if possible.

3) Try avoiding use of INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF.

This slows down performance, since for each field retrieved from database, there is a search done on internal table for a same name field and then data is populated.

Hope these help you.

Former Member
0 Kudos
74

1.Don't use the SELECT -


ENDSELECT statement.

Use the SELECT ....... INTO TABLE.........

2.Don't use the nested SELECT statments.

Use the inner join statements.

Regards,

Balakrishna.N