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Set parameter

Former Member
0 Kudos
115

Hi experts ,

Please can any one tell me how to find out the set parameter value.

Thanks in advance.

regards

Srihari.

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Former Member
0 Kudos
78

Hi Srihari

To fill the input fields of a called transaction with data from the calling program, you can use the SPA/GPA technique. SPA/GPA parameters are values that the system stores in the global, user-specific SAP memory. SAP memory allows you to pass values between programs. A user can access the values stored in the SAP memory during one terminal session for all parallel sessions. Each SPA/GPA parameter is identified by a 20-character code. You can maintain them in the Repository Browser in the ABAP Workbench. The values in SPA/GPA parameters are user-specific.

ABAP programs can access the parameters using the SET PARAMETER and GET PARAMETER statements.

To fill one, use:

SET PARAMETER ID <pid> FIELD <f>.

This statement saves the contents of field <f> under the ID <pid> in the SAP memory. The code <pid> can be up to 20 characters long. If there was already a value stored under <pid>, this statement overwrites it. If the ID <pid> does not exist, double-click <pid> in the ABAP Editor to create a new parameter object.

To read an SPA/GPA parameter, use:

GET PARAMETER ID <pid> FIELD <f>.

This statement fills the value stored under the ID <pid> into the variable <f>. If the system does not find a value for <pid> in the SAP memory, it sets SY-SUBRC to 4, otherwise to 0.

To fill the initial screen of a program using SPA/GPA parameters, you normally only need the SET PARAMETER statement.

The relevant fields must each be linked to an SPA/GPA parameter.

On a selection screen, you link fields to parameters using the MEMORY ID addition in the PARAMETERS or SELECT-OPTIONS statement. If you specify an SPA/GPA parameter ID when you declare a parameter or selection option, the corresponding input field is linked to that input field.

On a screen, you link fields to parameters in the Screen Painter. When you define the field attributes of an input field, you can enter the name of an SPA/GPA parameter in the Parameter ID field in the screen attributes. The SET parameter and GET parameter checkboxes allow you to specify whether the field should be filled from the corresponding SPA/GPA parameter in the PBO event, and whether the SPA/GPA parameter should be filled with the value from the screen in the PAI event.

When an input field is linked to an SPA/GPA parameter, it is initialized with the current value of the parameter each time the screen is displayed. This is the reason why fields on screens in the R/3 System often already contain values when you call them more than once.

When you call programs, you can use SPA/GPA parameters with no additional programming overhead if, for example, you need to fill obligatory fields on the initial screen of the called program. The system simply transfers the values from the parameters into the input fields of the called program.

However, you can control the contents of the parameters from your program by using the SET PARAMETER statement before the actual program call. This technique is particularly useful if you want to skip the initial screen of the called program and that screen contains obligatory fields.

If you want to set SPA/GPA parameters before a program call, you need to know which parameters are linked to which fields on the initial screen. A simple way of doing this is to start the program that you want to call, place the cursor on the input fields, and choose F1 followed by Technical info. The Parameter ID field contains the name of the corresponding SPA/GPA parameter. Alternatively, you can look at the screen definition in the Screen Painter.

please reward if usefull thanks and regards

5 REPLIES 5

Former Member
0 Kudos
78

Goto dataelement->further charcteristics

there u can find out parameter ID.

Thanks

Former Member
0 Kudos
79

Hi Srihari

To fill the input fields of a called transaction with data from the calling program, you can use the SPA/GPA technique. SPA/GPA parameters are values that the system stores in the global, user-specific SAP memory. SAP memory allows you to pass values between programs. A user can access the values stored in the SAP memory during one terminal session for all parallel sessions. Each SPA/GPA parameter is identified by a 20-character code. You can maintain them in the Repository Browser in the ABAP Workbench. The values in SPA/GPA parameters are user-specific.

ABAP programs can access the parameters using the SET PARAMETER and GET PARAMETER statements.

To fill one, use:

SET PARAMETER ID <pid> FIELD <f>.

This statement saves the contents of field <f> under the ID <pid> in the SAP memory. The code <pid> can be up to 20 characters long. If there was already a value stored under <pid>, this statement overwrites it. If the ID <pid> does not exist, double-click <pid> in the ABAP Editor to create a new parameter object.

To read an SPA/GPA parameter, use:

GET PARAMETER ID <pid> FIELD <f>.

This statement fills the value stored under the ID <pid> into the variable <f>. If the system does not find a value for <pid> in the SAP memory, it sets SY-SUBRC to 4, otherwise to 0.

To fill the initial screen of a program using SPA/GPA parameters, you normally only need the SET PARAMETER statement.

The relevant fields must each be linked to an SPA/GPA parameter.

On a selection screen, you link fields to parameters using the MEMORY ID addition in the PARAMETERS or SELECT-OPTIONS statement. If you specify an SPA/GPA parameter ID when you declare a parameter or selection option, the corresponding input field is linked to that input field.

On a screen, you link fields to parameters in the Screen Painter. When you define the field attributes of an input field, you can enter the name of an SPA/GPA parameter in the Parameter ID field in the screen attributes. The SET parameter and GET parameter checkboxes allow you to specify whether the field should be filled from the corresponding SPA/GPA parameter in the PBO event, and whether the SPA/GPA parameter should be filled with the value from the screen in the PAI event.

When an input field is linked to an SPA/GPA parameter, it is initialized with the current value of the parameter each time the screen is displayed. This is the reason why fields on screens in the R/3 System often already contain values when you call them more than once.

When you call programs, you can use SPA/GPA parameters with no additional programming overhead if, for example, you need to fill obligatory fields on the initial screen of the called program. The system simply transfers the values from the parameters into the input fields of the called program.

However, you can control the contents of the parameters from your program by using the SET PARAMETER statement before the actual program call. This technique is particularly useful if you want to skip the initial screen of the called program and that screen contains obligatory fields.

If you want to set SPA/GPA parameters before a program call, you need to know which parameters are linked to which fields on the initial screen. A simple way of doing this is to start the program that you want to call, place the cursor on the input fields, and choose F1 followed by Technical info. The Parameter ID field contains the name of the corresponding SPA/GPA parameter. Alternatively, you can look at the screen definition in the Screen Painter.

please reward if usefull thanks and regards

Former Member
0 Kudos
78

Hi Srihari,

Check out the link about SET PARAMETER

http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw70/helpdata/en/9f/db9e0435c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm

Regards,

Chandru

Former Member
0 Kudos
78

Go o Data elemenT of the field you want ... in there the parameter id will give you the values you can use for set parameter ... else you can go to other obects option in se80 AND there you can choose more objects< where YOU can find more parameter id's ...

~ Ranganath

Former Member
0 Kudos
78

select the field then click FI -> Technical info -> you can find parameter ID.

you can use statement:

SET PARAMETER ID ' ' FIELD 'Value' to set value for the paramter.