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SAP SCRIPTS????????????

Former Member
0 Kudos
98

WHAT IS THE USE OF START_FORM AND END_FORM IN A SCRIPT .........IT CAN BE RUN WITHOUT THE TWO

Message was edited by:

BALAGOSWAMY GURU VENKET REDDY

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Former Member
0 Kudos
65

Hi BALA,

Go for this u can get clear idea about ur doubt

[Removed by the moderator.]

A Sample SAP Scripts Reports

Author: Mona

CALL FUNCTION 'OPEN_FORM'

  • EXPORTING

  • APPLICATION = 'TX'

  • ARCHIVE_INDEX =

  • ARCHIVE_PARAMS =

  • DEVICE = 'PRINTER'

  • DIALOG = 'X'

  • FORM = 'ZSCRIPT1'

  • LANGUAGE = SY-LANGU

  • OPTIONS =

  • MAIL_SENDER =

  • MAIL_RECIPIENT =

  • MAIL_APPL_OBJECT =

  • RAW_DATA_INTERFACE = '*'

  • SPONUMIV =

  • IMPORTING

  • LANGUAGE =

  • NEW_ARCHIVE_PARAMS =

  • RESULT =

EXCEPTIONS

CANCELED = 1

DEVICE = 2

FORM = 3

OPTIONS = 4

UNCLOSED = 5

MAIL_OPTIONS = 6

ARCHIVE_ERROR = 7

INVALID_FAX_NUMBER = 8

MORE_PARAMS_NEEDED_IN_BATCH = 9

SPOOL_ERROR = 10

CODEPAGE = 11

OTHERS = 12

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'START_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ARCHIVE_INDEX =

FORM = 'ZFORM1'

  • LANGUAGE = ' '

  • STARTPAGE = 'X'

PROGRAM = 'ZSCRIPT1'

  • MAIL_APPL_OBJECT =

  • IMPORTING

  • LANGUAGE =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • FORM = 1

  • FORMAT = 2

  • UNENDED = 3

  • UNOPENED = 4

  • UNUSED = 5

  • SPOOL_ERROR = 6

  • CODEPAGE = 7

  • OTHERS = 8

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ELEMENT = ' '

  • FUNCTION = 'SET'

  • TYPE = 'BODY'

WINDOW = 'HEADER'

  • IMPORTING

  • PENDING_LINES =

EXCEPTIONS

ELEMENT = 1

FUNCTION = 2

TYPE = 3

UNOPENED = 4

UNSTARTED = 5

WINDOW = 6

BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 7

SPOOL_ERROR = 8

OTHERS = 9

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

write:/ 'ERROR IN HEADER'.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ELEMENT = ' '

  • FUNCTION = 'SET'

  • TYPE = 'BODY'

WINDOW = 'MAIN'

  • IMPORTING

  • PENDING_LINES =

EXCEPTIONS

ELEMENT = 1

FUNCTION = 2

TYPE = 3

UNOPENED = 4

UNSTARTED = 5

WINDOW = 6

BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 7

SPOOL_ERROR = 8

OTHERS = 9

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

write:/ 'ERROR IN HEADER'.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ELEMENT = ' '

  • FUNCTION = 'SET'

  • TYPE = 'BODY'

WINDOW = 'FOOTER'

  • IMPORTING

  • PENDING_LINES =

EXCEPTIONS

ELEMENT = 1

FUNCTION = 2

TYPE = 3

UNOPENED = 4

UNSTARTED = 5

WINDOW = 6

BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 7

SPOOL_ERROR = 8

OTHERS = 9

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

write:/ 'ERROR IN HEADER'.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'END_FORM'

  • IMPORTING

  • RESULT =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • UNOPENED = 1

  • BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 2

  • SPOOL_ERROR = 3

  • CODEPAGE = 4

  • OTHERS = 5

.

CALL FUNCTION 'CLOSE_FORM'

  • IMPORTING

  • RESULT =

  • RDI_RESULT =

  • TABLES

  • OTFDATA =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • UNOPENED = 1

  • BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 2

  • SEND_ERROR = 3

  • SPOOL_ERROR = 4

  • CODEPAGE = 5

  • OTHERS = 6

.

Can you explain the difference between

1.open_form and Start form

2.end_form and Close_form.

whether all 4 modules are required in the driver pgm .

Open_form => It assign the form and printer, It should be first.

Start_form => It start Writing mode. You can use write_form in loop to write more than one lines befor End_form.

End_form => It end writing mode of current page and will require to start again through Start_form.

Close_form=> it end the Form. After this you can not start again for created file.

Thanks

Naveen khan

5 REPLIES 5

varma_narayana
Active Contributor
0 Kudos
65

Hi..

We have to Use START_FORM and END_FORM to Call multiple forms in a print program. For a single Form we need not to call them.

Syntax.

CALL FUNCTION 'OPEN_FORM'

***For calling first form

CALL FUNCTION 'START_FORM'

FORMNAME = 'ZFORM1'

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

CALL FUNCTION 'END_FORM

***For calling second form

CALL FUNCTION 'START_FORM'

FORMNAME = 'ZFORM2'

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

CALL FUNCTION 'END_FORM

CALL FUNCTION 'CLOSE_FORM'.

Note: When we call a single form we will pass the Formname in OPEN_FORM FM.

<b>Reward if Helpful</b>

Former Member
0 Kudos
65

Hi balagoswamy,

1. Normally, START_FORM

is not required.

(OPEN_FORM Is compulary in all cases)

2. Its only required,

when we want to different sapscript layouts,

to get merged,

and come in one output.

3. For this purpose,

we use START_FORM,

to START layout 1,

then START Layout 2.

(if we use start_form, then

we can use END_FORM for stopping this start)

regards,

amit m.

Former Member
0 Kudos
65

start form is used to include another form in u r driver program and also used to to start the form at a particular page number if u have n number of pages

if u open a form with start form then u have to close it with the end form

the script driver program can be written without the start and end forms.

Former Member
0 Kudos
65

Hi,

In-between the function modules OPEN_FORM and CLOSE_FORM, you can use different forms. This allows you to combine several different forms into one print output. However, you can combine only those forms that have the same page format.

To switch forms, you can use the function module START_FORM. If another form is still open, you must close it first using END_FORM.

I hope this helps.

Regards,

Alexandros.

Former Member
0 Kudos
66

Hi BALA,

Go for this u can get clear idea about ur doubt

[Removed by the moderator.]

A Sample SAP Scripts Reports

Author: Mona

CALL FUNCTION 'OPEN_FORM'

  • EXPORTING

  • APPLICATION = 'TX'

  • ARCHIVE_INDEX =

  • ARCHIVE_PARAMS =

  • DEVICE = 'PRINTER'

  • DIALOG = 'X'

  • FORM = 'ZSCRIPT1'

  • LANGUAGE = SY-LANGU

  • OPTIONS =

  • MAIL_SENDER =

  • MAIL_RECIPIENT =

  • MAIL_APPL_OBJECT =

  • RAW_DATA_INTERFACE = '*'

  • SPONUMIV =

  • IMPORTING

  • LANGUAGE =

  • NEW_ARCHIVE_PARAMS =

  • RESULT =

EXCEPTIONS

CANCELED = 1

DEVICE = 2

FORM = 3

OPTIONS = 4

UNCLOSED = 5

MAIL_OPTIONS = 6

ARCHIVE_ERROR = 7

INVALID_FAX_NUMBER = 8

MORE_PARAMS_NEEDED_IN_BATCH = 9

SPOOL_ERROR = 10

CODEPAGE = 11

OTHERS = 12

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'START_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ARCHIVE_INDEX =

FORM = 'ZFORM1'

  • LANGUAGE = ' '

  • STARTPAGE = 'X'

PROGRAM = 'ZSCRIPT1'

  • MAIL_APPL_OBJECT =

  • IMPORTING

  • LANGUAGE =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • FORM = 1

  • FORMAT = 2

  • UNENDED = 3

  • UNOPENED = 4

  • UNUSED = 5

  • SPOOL_ERROR = 6

  • CODEPAGE = 7

  • OTHERS = 8

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ELEMENT = ' '

  • FUNCTION = 'SET'

  • TYPE = 'BODY'

WINDOW = 'HEADER'

  • IMPORTING

  • PENDING_LINES =

EXCEPTIONS

ELEMENT = 1

FUNCTION = 2

TYPE = 3

UNOPENED = 4

UNSTARTED = 5

WINDOW = 6

BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 7

SPOOL_ERROR = 8

OTHERS = 9

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

write:/ 'ERROR IN HEADER'.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ELEMENT = ' '

  • FUNCTION = 'SET'

  • TYPE = 'BODY'

WINDOW = 'MAIN'

  • IMPORTING

  • PENDING_LINES =

EXCEPTIONS

ELEMENT = 1

FUNCTION = 2

TYPE = 3

UNOPENED = 4

UNSTARTED = 5

WINDOW = 6

BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 7

SPOOL_ERROR = 8

OTHERS = 9

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

write:/ 'ERROR IN HEADER'.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'WRITE_FORM'

EXPORTING

  • ELEMENT = ' '

  • FUNCTION = 'SET'

  • TYPE = 'BODY'

WINDOW = 'FOOTER'

  • IMPORTING

  • PENDING_LINES =

EXCEPTIONS

ELEMENT = 1

FUNCTION = 2

TYPE = 3

UNOPENED = 4

UNSTARTED = 5

WINDOW = 6

BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 7

SPOOL_ERROR = 8

OTHERS = 9

.

IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.

write:/ 'ERROR IN HEADER'.

  • MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO

  • WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.

ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'END_FORM'

  • IMPORTING

  • RESULT =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • UNOPENED = 1

  • BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 2

  • SPOOL_ERROR = 3

  • CODEPAGE = 4

  • OTHERS = 5

.

CALL FUNCTION 'CLOSE_FORM'

  • IMPORTING

  • RESULT =

  • RDI_RESULT =

  • TABLES

  • OTFDATA =

  • EXCEPTIONS

  • UNOPENED = 1

  • BAD_PAGEFORMAT_FOR_PRINT = 2

  • SEND_ERROR = 3

  • SPOOL_ERROR = 4

  • CODEPAGE = 5

  • OTHERS = 6

.

Can you explain the difference between

1.open_form and Start form

2.end_form and Close_form.

whether all 4 modules are required in the driver pgm .

Open_form => It assign the form and printer, It should be first.

Start_form => It start Writing mode. You can use write_form in loop to write more than one lines befor End_form.

End_form => It end writing mode of current page and will require to start again through Start_form.

Close_form=> it end the Form. After this you can not start again for created file.

Thanks

Naveen khan