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can any body explain about bapi with the help of example?

Former Member
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can any body explain about bapi with the help of example?

Regards,

phani.

4 REPLIES 4

Former Member
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Hi Phani,

BAPI stands for Business API(Application Program Interface).

I have answered this question before..

A BAPI is remotely enabled function module ie it can be invoked from remote programs like standalone JAVA programs, web interface etc..

You can make your function module remotely enabled in attributes of Function module but

A BAPI are standard SAP function modules provided by SAP for remote access. Also they are part of Businees Objest Repository(BOR).

BAPI are RFC enabled function modules. the difference between RFc and BAPI are business objects. You create business objects and those are then registered in your BOR (Business Object Repository) which can be accessed outside the SAP system by using some other applications (Non-SAP) such as VB or JAVA. in this case u only specify the business object and its method from external system in BAPI there is no direct system call. while RFC are direct system call Some BAPIs provide basic functions and can be used for most SAP business object types. These BAPIs should be implemented the same for all business object types. Standardized BAPIs are easier to use and prevent users having to deal with a number of different BAPIs. Whenever possible, a standardized BAPI must be used in preference to an individual BAPI.

The following standardized BAPIs are provided:

Reading instances of SAP business objects

GetList ( ) With the BAPI GetList you can select a range of object key values, for example, company codes and material numbers.

The BAPI GetList() is a class method.

GetDetail() With the BAPI GetDetail() the details of an instance of a business object type are retrieved and returned to the calling program. The instance is identified via its key. The BAPI GetDetail() is an instance method. BAPIs that can create, change or delete instances of a business object type

The following BAPIs of the same object type have to be programmed so that they can be called several times within one transaction. For example, if, after sales order 1 has been created, a second sales order 2 is created in the same transaction, the second BAPI call must not affect the consistency of the sales order 2. After completing the transaction with a COMMIT WORK, both the orders are saved consistently in the database.

Create( ) and CreateFromData! ( )

The BAPIs Create() and CreateFromData() create an instance of an SAP business object type, for example, a purchase order. These BAPIs are class methods.

Change( )

The BAPI Change() changes an existing instance of an SAP business object type, for example, a purchase order. The BAPI Change () is an instance method.

Delete( ) and Undelete( ) The BAPI Delete() deletes an instance of an SAP business object type from the database or sets a deletion flag.

The BAPI Undelete() removes a deletion flag. These BAPIs are instance methods.

Cancel ( ) Unlike the BAPI Delete(), the BAPI Cancel() cancels an instance of a business object type. The instance to be cancelled remains in the database and an additional instance is created and this is the one that is actually canceled. The Cancel() BAPI is an instance method.

Add<subobject> ( ) and Remove<subobject> ( ) The BAPI Add<subobject> adds a subobject to an existing object inst! ance and the BAPI and Remove<subobject> removes a subobject from an object instance. These BAPIs are instance methods.

Example Code

U need to give the step_nr, item_nr, cond_count and cond_type so the correct conditon will be updated. If no condition exists for the given parameters, a new condition will be created.

U can find these parameters for a particular condition type in table KONV.

&----


*& Form saveTransactionJOCR

&----


  • text

----


  • --> p1 text

  • <-- p2 text

----


FORM saveTransactionJOCR .

data: salesdocument like BAPIVBELN-VBELN,

order_header_inx like bapisdh1x,

order_header_in like bapisdh1,

return type standard table of bapiret2 with header line,

conditions_in type standard table of bapicond with header line,

conditions_inx type standard table of bapicondx with header line,

logic_switch like BAPISDLS,

step_nr like conditions_in-cond_st_no,

item_nr like conditions_in-itm_number,

cond_count like conditions_in-cond_count,

cond_type like conditions_in-cond_type.

salesdocument = wa_order_information-VBELN.

LOGIC_SWITCH-COND_HANDL = 'X'.

order_header_inx-updateflag = 'U'.

  • conditions

clear conditions_in[].

clear conditions_inx[].

clear: step_nr,

item_nr,

cond_count,

cond_type.

step_nr = '710'.

item_nr = '000000'.

cond_count = '01'.

cond_type = 'ZCP2'.

CONDITIONS_IN-ITM_NUMBER = item_nr.

conditions_in-cond_st_no = step_nr.

CONDITIONS_IN-COND_COUNT = cond_count.

CONDITIONS_IN-COND_TYPE = cond_type.

CONDITIONS_IN-COND_VALUE = 666.

CONDITIONS_IN-CURRENCY = 'EUR'.

append conditions_in.

CONDITIONS_INX-ITM_NUMBER = item_nr.

conditions_inx-cond_st_no = step_nr.

CONDITIONS_INX-COND_COUNT = cond_count.

CONDITIONS_INX-COND_TYPE = cond_type.

CONDITIONS_INX-UPDATEFLAG = 'U'.

CONDITIONS_INX-COND_VALUE = 'X'.

CONDITIONS_INX-CURRENCY = 'X'.

append conditions_inx.

CALL FUNCTION 'BAPI_SALESORDER_CHANGE'

EXPORTING

SALESDOCUMENT = salesdocument

ORDER_HEADER_IN = order_header_in

ORDER_HEADER_INX = order_header_inx

LOGIC_SWITCH = logic_switch

TABLES

RETURN = return

CONDITIONS_IN = conditions_in

CONDITIONS_INX = conditions_inx

.

if return-type ne 'E'.

commit work and wait.

endif.

ENDFORM. " saveTransactionJOCR

Hope this resolves your query.

Reward all the helpful answers.

Regards

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thanks nagaraj.

can u explain the example u just sent me?

can we create our own bapi how we can?

Former Member
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Hi,

try the link given below.

http://www.erpgenie.com/abap/bapi/example.htm

rgds,

Prajith