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Michael_Keller
Active Contributor

Introduction


Perhaps everyone of you knows this scenario very well: After logon we have to start multiple transactions to do our daily developer's work. Sort of "same procedure as every day". I optimized the logon process with software "KeePass" and the plugin "KeeSAPLogon" - so far so good. But I didn't find a convincing solution to start multiple transactions subsequent. Not that starting transactions would be extremly time consuming but it's a repeating task 🙂

A little search showed me: Other users had the same question and the answers were helpful but not the solution I was looking for. So I wrote a report to solve this problem for my purpose. Hope you enjoy it.

Please pay attention to the fact that this is just a tech demo - at no time to use in productive environments. Only on your personal system (playground) for your studies.

Solution description


I wrote a report to start multiple transactions from a favorite folder called "Autostart" (see "Managing Favorites"). Thereby it's easy to control which transactions should be started at once after logon to a system/client combination. The associated transaction has to be your start transaction.



Important part of the implementation was calling the function module "Z_AUTOSTART" with the statements "STARTING IN NEW TASK" and "DESTINATION IN GROUP" (see "asynchronous/parallel RFC"). Pay attention to the limit of your SAP GUI sessions and that new sessions will be opened as type "RFC".

To make it a little bit more user friendly, you will be asked if you want to autostart your transactions. Even a delayed start is possible. And if you autostart a transaction where a variant with your username exists, this variant will be run automatically. That's interesting to have reporting like a slide show with a delay of 3 seconds.


Implementation


Create function module


Please create a function module called "Z_AUTOSTART". You will find the source code at the end of the blog for lack of space. Set flag "Remote-Enabled Module" in attributes.

Create report and transaction


Please create a new report called "ZAUTOSTART". You will find the source code at the end of the blog for lack of space. Create a transaction code called "Z_AUTOSTART". Underline character is important to get the name of the folder of your favorites from transaction code.

That makes it a little bit more dynamic. To give an example you can create a transaction code called "Z_MISC" and it will start all transactions from folder "MISC" of your favorites. So you don't have to use it as autostart transaction after logon but whenever you want. That's handy 🙂

Enhance your favorites


Create a folder called "Autostart". Place your required transaction in it. Pay attention to the limit of your SAP GUI sessions. The order you place them in the folder is the order they will be started. But that's not necessary the order SAP GUI windows will appear.

Change your start transaction


Run transaction "Z_AUTOSTART". If everything is ok, set this transaction as your start transaction. That's all. Log off and on again.

Source code


You can download the source code from GitHub or have a look at the following chapters.

Function module Z_AUTOSTART


FUNCTION z_autostart.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Local Interface:
*" IMPORTING
*" VALUE(IV_TCODE) TYPE SYST_TCODE
*" VALUE(IV_REPORT) TYPE RALDB_REPO
*" VALUE(IV_USE_VAR) TYPE XFELD
*" EXCEPTIONS
*" SYSTEM_FAILURE
*" COMMUNICATION_FAILURE
*" RESOURCE_FAILURE
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------

IF iv_use_var = abap_false AND iv_tcode IS NOT INITIAL.
CALL TRANSACTION iv_tcode.
ENDIF.

IF iv_use_var = abap_true AND iv_report IS NOT INITIAL.
SUBMIT (iv_report) USING SELECTION-SET sy-uname.
ENDIF.

ENDFUNCTION.

Report ZAUTOSTART


*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZAUTOSTART
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&
*& start transactions from a folder of your favorites
*&
*& written by Michael Keller
*&
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT zautostart.

CLASS lcl_autostart DEFINITION.

PUBLIC SECTION.
TYPES favorites TYPE TABLE OF smen_buffc.

CLASS-METHODS run.

PRIVATE SECTION.
CLASS-METHODS do_prechecks
IMPORTING
iv_tcode TYPE syst_tcode
EXPORTING
ev_report TYPE raldb_repo
ev_var_exists TYPE abap_bool
EXCEPTIONS
error.

CLASS-METHODS get_favorites_from_folder
IMPORTING
iv_folder TYPE char100sm
EXPORTING
et_favorites TYPE favorites.

ENDCLASS.

CLASS lcl_autostart IMPLEMENTATION.

METHOD do_prechecks.

DATA: ls_tstc TYPE tstc,
lv_message TYPE text100,
lv_report TYPE raldb_repo,
lv_variant TYPE raldb_vari,
lv_subrc TYPE sysubrc.

" check if transaction code exists
SELECT SINGLE *
FROM tstc
INTO ls_tstc
WHERE tcode = iv_tcode.

IF sy-subrc <> 0.
lv_message = 'Transaction code &1 is invalid.'.
REPLACE FIRST OCCURRENCE OF '&1' IN lv_message WITH iv_tcode.
MESSAGE lv_message TYPE 'I'.
RAISE error.
ENDIF.

CALL FUNCTION 'AUTHORITY_CHECK_TCODE'
EXPORTING
tcode = iv_tcode
EXCEPTIONS
ok = 1
not_ok = 2
OTHERS = 3.

IF sy-subrc > 1. " a little bit special
lv_message = 'No authorization for transaction code &1.'.
REPLACE FIRST OCCURRENCE OF '&1' IN lv_message WITH iv_tcode.
MESSAGE lv_message TYPE 'I'.
RAISE error.
ENDIF.

lv_report = ls_tstc-pgmna.
lv_variant = sy-uname.

CALL FUNCTION 'RS_VARIANT_EXISTS'
EXPORTING
report = lv_report
variant = lv_variant
IMPORTING
r_c = lv_subrc
EXCEPTIONS
not_authorized = 1
no_report = 2
report_not_existent = 3
report_not_supplied = 4
OTHERS = 5.

IF lv_subrc = 0.
ev_report = lv_report.
ev_var_exists = abap_true.
ENDIF.

ENDMETHOD.


METHOD get_favorites_from_folder.

DATA: lt_favorites TYPE favorites,
ls_favorites LIKE LINE OF lt_favorites,
lv_object_id TYPE menu_num_5.

CALL FUNCTION 'NAVIGATION_LOAD_FAVORITES'
EXPORTING
user_name = sy-uname
TABLES
favorites_tab = lt_favorites.
* FAVORITES_FOR_GUI =
* LINKS_LIST =

" look for the folder
LOOP AT lt_favorites INTO ls_favorites
WHERE reporttype = space
AND report = space
AND text IS NOT INITIAL.
TRANSLATE ls_favorites-text TO UPPER CASE.
IF ls_favorites-text = iv_folder.
lv_object_id = ls_favorites-object_id.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
ENDLOOP.

IF sy-subrc <> 0 OR lv_object_id IS INITIAL.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

" reduce to relevant transactions
DELETE lt_favorites WHERE parent_id <> lv_object_id
OR reporttype <> 'TR'
OR report = sy-tcode.

IF lt_favorites IS INITIAL.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

" sort favorites, important for starting sequence
SORT lt_favorites BY sort_order ASCENDING.
READ TABLE lt_favorites INTO ls_favorites INDEX 1.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
RETURN.
ENDIF.
APPEND ls_favorites TO lt_favorites.
DELETE lt_favorites INDEX 1.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

et_favorites = lt_favorites.

ENDMETHOD.


METHOD run.

DATA: lt_parts TYPE TABLE OF syst_tcode,
lv_lines TYPE i,
lv_folder TYPE char100sm,
lt_favorites TYPE favorites,
ls_favorites TYPE smen_buffc,
lv_tcode TYPE syst_tcode,
lv_task TYPE text100,
lv_report TYPE raldb_repo,
lv_use_var TYPE abap_bool,
lv_answer TYPE char1,
lv_question TYPE itex132,
lv_tabix TYPE sytabix.

FIELD-SYMBOLS <favorites> TYPE smen_buffc.

" get name of favorites folder from transaction code
SPLIT sy-tcode AT '_' INTO TABLE lt_parts.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

lv_lines = lines( lt_parts ).
READ TABLE lt_parts INTO lv_folder INDEX lv_lines.
IF sy-subrc <> 0 OR lv_folder IS INITIAL.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

get_favorites_from_folder(
EXPORTING
iv_folder = lv_folder
IMPORTING
et_favorites = lt_favorites ).

IF lt_favorites IS INITIAL.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

lv_lines = lines( lt_favorites ).

CONCATENATE 'Start transactions from folder "' lv_folder '"?' INTO lv_question.

CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
titlebar = 'Autostart'
* DIAGNOSE_OBJECT = ' '
text_question = lv_question
text_button_1 = 'Yes'
icon_button_1 = 'ICON_EXECUTE_OBJECT'
text_button_2 = 'Yes, delayed'
icon_button_2 = 'ICON_TIME'
default_button = '2'
display_cancel_button = 'X'
* USERDEFINED_F1_HELP = ' '
* START_COLUMN = 25
* START_ROW = 6
* POPUP_TYPE =
* IV_QUICKINFO_BUTTON_1 = ' '
* IV_QUICKINFO_BUTTON_2 = ' '
IMPORTING
answer = lv_answer
* TABLES
* PARAMETER =
EXCEPTIONS
text_not_found = 1
OTHERS = 2.

IF sy-subrc <> 0 OR lv_answer = 'A'.
RETURN.
ENDIF.

" find all transaction codes in folder and start them
LOOP AT lt_favorites ASSIGNING <favorites>.
CLEAR: lv_report,
lv_use_var.

lv_tabix = sy-tabix.
lv_tcode = <favorites>-report.
lv_task = lv_tcode.

do_prechecks(
EXPORTING
iv_tcode = lv_tcode
IMPORTING
ev_report = lv_report
ev_var_exists = lv_use_var
EXCEPTIONS
error = 1
OTHERS = 2 ).

IF sy-subrc <> 0.
CONTINUE.
ENDIF.

IF lv_tabix <> lv_lines.
CALL FUNCTION 'Z_AUTOSTART'
STARTING NEW TASK lv_task
DESTINATION IN GROUP DEFAULT
EXPORTING
iv_tcode = lv_tcode
iv_report = lv_report
iv_use_var = lv_use_var
EXCEPTIONS
system_failure = 1
communication_failure = 2
resource_failure = 3
OTHERS = 4.

IF sy-subrc <> 0.
CONTINUE.
ENDIF.

IF lv_lines > 2 AND lv_answer = '2'.
WAIT UP TO 3 SECONDS.
ELSE.
" do not start too fast
WAIT UP TO 1 SECONDS.
ENDIF.
ELSE.
CALL FUNCTION 'Z_AUTOSTART'
EXPORTING
iv_tcode = lv_tcode
iv_report = lv_report
iv_use_var = lv_use_var.
ENDIF.
ENDLOOP.

ENDMETHOD.

ENDCLASS.

START-OF-SELECTION.
lcl_autostart=>run( ).

 
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